Cultural and Disease Paper

Topics: United Arab Emirates, Middle East, Arabian Peninsula Pages: 4 (1246 words) Published: July 5, 2014
Cultural and Disease Paper
While there are many endocrine diseases, the most common one in the United States is diabetes (Erika Gebel, 2010). The prevalence of endocrine diabetes is extremely high among the Arab people. There are many factor that make the Arab population vulnerable to diabetes and other endocrine disorders. Social and cultural influences also influence the development and treatment of many disease within the Arab and Islamic world. Community-based culturally sensitive intervention plans for prevention and disease management are crucial to combating this growing epidemic. Endocrine Diabetes

The endocrine system is a set of glands that produce hormones that regulate the body’s metabolism, growth, sexual development and function. Hormones are released into the bloodstream and transported to organs and tissue throughout the body (AMA's Current Procedural Terminology, 2014). The endocrine gland is a group of focused cells that release hormones into the blood. This system is the body's internal communication system controlling blood glucose (Erika Gebel, 2010). Diabetes is a metabolic disease that occurs in people with high blood glucose because insulin production is inadequate, or the body's cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. There are two types of diabetes; type 1 and type 2. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form and is responsible for 90% of all cases of globally. In type 1 diabetes or juvenile typically develops earlier in life when the body is no longer producing insulin properly if at all. The onset of type 2 diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin for proper function, or the cells in the body do not react to insulin (Nordqvist, 2013). Factors Making the Arab Community Vulnerable to Diabetes.

There are a combination of demographic changes in the Middle East and in America effecting people of this ethnicity; growing populations are living longer, risk factors, such as obesity and smoking,...


References: AMA 's Current Procedural Terminology. (2014, January). Atlas of Human Body; Endocrine System. Retrieved from www.ama-assn.org: http://www.ama-assn.org//ama/pub/physician-resources/patient-education-materials/atlas-of-human-body/endocrine-system.page
Erika Gebel, P. (2010, November). The Endocrine System; The body 's internal communication network controls blood glucose. Alexandria, Virginia.
Linda A. Jaber, P. (2002, October 22nd). Epidemiology of Diabetes Among Arab Americans. Retrieved from /care.diabetesjournals.org: http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/26/2/308.full#sec-1
Nainggolan, L. (2014, January 20th). Arabs Live Longer, Battle Obesity, Diabetes, and Heart Disease. Medscape Medical News, pp. 1-2.
NIDDK. (2013, August 1st). Common Terms. Retrieved from www.diabetes.org: http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/common-terms/?loc=rp-slabnav
Nordqvist, C. (2013, April 30th). What Is Diabetes? What Causes Diabetes? Retrieved from www.medicalnewstoday.com: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/diabetes/
UnitedHealth Group. (2010, December 1st). Diabetes in the United Arab Emirates; Crisis or Opportunity? Minnetonka, Minnesota, United States.
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