Cultural and Disease Paper

Topics: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, African American Pages: 4 (1188 words) Published: April 21, 2014

Cultural and Disease Paper
Roberta Williams
February 22.2014
Rebecca Riznyk

Every 24 hours thirty six thousand people are diagnosed with diabetes mellitus! (Darrell Lynn Grace, 2011).There is twenty four million Americans that have Diabetes Mellitus, and ninety five percent have type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Diabetes is a group of diseases that is caused by high levels of blood glucose and is caused by defects in insulin production. Diabetes is one of the leading causes of death and disability in the United States. There are a few different types of Diabetes, There is type 1, which used to be called juvenile diabetes and is caused by the body’s immune system attacking and destroying its own insulin producing beta cells in the pancreas. Type 1 accounts for about five percent while type 2 accounts for around ninety to ninety five percent of all diagnosed cases (Services, 2011). Type 2 will occur when the body cannot use the insulin produced effectively or does not produce enough insulin and usually happens in adults over the age of forty but is becoming more common for younger age groups.

Gestational diabetes happens during pregnancy. When a women has gestational diabetes during pregnancy she than has a thirty five to sixty percent chance of developing diabetes, mostly type 2 within the next ten to twenty years (Services, 2011).

It is said that one of every ten health care dollars in the United States is spent on diabetes and its complications. In 2002 approximately $132 billion was spent on diabetes and $174 billion in 2007 (Darrell Lynn Grace, 2011). Diabetes can cause kidney disease, heart disease, blindness and foot problems that can lead to amputations. Diabetes will cause damage to capillary endothelial cells of the retina, mesangial cells of glomeruli in the kidneys, and neurons and Schwann cells of peripheral nerves. Obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Diabetes causes plaque buildup by damaging the...

References: (n.d.). Retrieved Febuary 14, 2014, from Why do African-Americans have an increased risk of Diabetes?:
African American Community Health Advisory Commitee. (n.d.). Retrieved Febuary 14, 2014, from African-Americans and Diabetes:
Darrell Lynn Grace, D. (2011, January). Overcoming barriers in treating African-Americans. Retrieved Febuary 14, 2014, from August diabetes.
Services, U. D. (2011). The Diabetes Epidemic Among African Americans. Atlanta G.A.: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Why 7 Deadly Diseases strike blacks most. (n.d.). Retrieved Febuary 16, 2014, from
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