Women in America 1815-1860 FRQ
In the early and mid-nineteenth century the roles of women were slowly beginning to change. Up until this point in history, they were mainly housewives, and did not have much of a say in society and the issues that were occurring in the young nation of America. The revival in the second great awakening and the revolutionary changes in economy during antebellum America, allowed women an opportunity to enter the work force, as industry made its way to the northern states. Also women led movements began to be heard by the masses including the temperance movement, the resolve to try and improve their rights, and how their families were affected by this sudden change in life style.
The industrial revolution began to make its way to major American Cities shortly after the war of 1812. This sudden increase in factories led to the need for a large workforce, and workers with experience in certain areas. Factories began to hire women mainly for jobs such as sewing and in the tex
tile industry. Their knowledge as housewives gave them the training they needed to fulfill these jobs, and caused them to be specifically sought out by business owners. Another factor that made them desirable workers was that they worked for much less money than men did. By the 1830s the United Stated had expanded westward, making the demand for the market goods of the northeast rise, bringing in the market revolution. The majority of the working women came from poor farming families, and were looking to make some extra money. The Lowell Plant hired young farm girls to work in the factories, and they were also given quarters to stay in during their free hours. The money to pay for these quarters was deducted from their pay-check, causing them to virtually be paid almost nothing. These women would work long hard hours, with little pay, in dangerous conditions that caused many to become injured and is some case, lose their lives. As the 1840s came, so...
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