Cubism is a form of art that was unlike any other of its time. It started about 100 years ago and is still incorporated in some form into art today. Though the exact year of its emergence is debated, all historians agree that it originated in Paris by two men, Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. This new movement revolutionized many aspects of the culture in the early 1900s. Several examples of the effect of Cubism on culture can be seen through the developments of the music, architecture, poetry, and literature of the time. Between the years 1870 through 1900, Western society saw a boom in technological progress. Many inventions were seen during these years. The most devastating ones for artists were the inventions of photography and cinematography. These two productions were quickly replacing portraits and classical art. Artists also faced a problem as to how they would reflect the modernity of the time using the same trusted and overused ideas, mediums, and art techniques. They looked for a more radical approach that would make them stand out in comparison to photographers. Eventually, experienced artists created a new way of seeing that came to be known as Cubism. Cubism is the very first abstract style of modern art. It is also the basis of many modern art movements that came after it. Picasso and Braque, the founders of this movement got some of their ideas from the later paintings of Paul Cézanne. Cézanne was not a very traditional artist. He liked to flatten the space in his paintings to place more emphasis on their surface. This was done in order to stress the difference between paintings and reality. Most of his pieces of art were in flat, abstract terms. Picasso and Braque took these ideas to an extreme in their paintings ‘Factory at Horta de Ebbo’ and ‘Viaduct at L’estaque’ respectively. Another influence on Cubanism is African art. Cuban artists tried to revitalize their works by drawing on the expressive energy of art from other cultures. They were not interested in the religious symbolisms of these objects, but used them superficially for their expressive style. This inspiration to get ideas from cultures or religions came from Paul Gauguin, a French post –impressionist artist. The native cultures of Tahiti and the Marquesas islands influenced His art greatly.
Pablo Picasso was the founder of Cubism. He worked hand in hand with Braque to create the specific intricacies of the important techniques in Cubism. He was mainly a painter though his sculptures proved to be greatly influential as well. Mr. Picasso experimented in areas such as printmaking and ceramics, but they had no note worthy influence. Pablo Picasso was born in the late 1800s in Paris. He was born into an artistic family that influenced and encouraged Pablo Picasso to go into the artistic field. His father was a painter and supported his son to go down the same path. He was Picasso’s first teacher. Picasso began formally studying art at 11. Some paintings from his teenage years still exist today such as First Communion (1895). Picasso was given the best education his family was able to afford, to help him blossom into a great artist. His father would constantly take Pablo to visit Madrid and see works by old Spanish masters. After some time, the Picasso family moved to Barcelona and Pablo did not stop learning about art and perfecting his techniques. Barcelona molded Picasso into the mature artist he is known as today. He spent much of his time at cafes with Bohemians, Anarchists, and Modernists. He explored Art-Noveau and Symbolism he also met with famous artists of the day such as Edvard Munch and Henri Toulouse-Lautrec. He also became acquainted with Jaime Sabartes, who would later be Picasso’s secretary. It was at this point in his life that Picasso was introduced to a “…cultural avant-garde, in which young artists were encouraged to express themselves”. During the first 4 years of the 20th century, Picasso...
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