"The goal I proposed myself in making cubism? To paint and nothing more... with a method linked only to my thought... Neither the good nor the true; neither the useful nor the useless." (Pablo Picasso)
What is cubism? Cubism is essentially the art of creating abstract shapes of three dimensional objects on a two dimensional surface. In cubist artwork, objects are analyzed, broken up and reassembled in an abstracted form rather than portraying objects from one point of view, the artist portrays the subject from various views to represent the subject in a greater context.
Cubism was an innovative style of modern art introduced by two remarkable artists, Pablo Picasso and Georges Braques; who were joined by other notable artists, Jean Metzinger, Albert Gleizes, Robert Delaunay, Henri Le Fauconnier, Fernand Leger and Juan Gris. Juan Gris, whose real name is José Victoriano González-Pérez, was recognized as the third musketeer or the third cubist. He redefined the cubist vocabulary into his own visual language and was the artist that was the most consistently dedicated to this style. Cubism has been considered the most influential art movement of the 20th century; it revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired other related movements in literature, architecture and music. Exaggerated proportions, distorted lines, subjective expression, vivid colors, and emotional mood were the major characteristics of this art flow.
Why Cubism came in effect? Throughout 1870-1910, western society witnessed more technological progress; Inventions such as photography, cinematography, sound recording, the telephone, the motor car and the airplane left huge impacts on history. Photography had begun to replace painting as the tool of documenting the age, and artists did not feel challenged when illustrating cars, planes or images of new technologies. Artists were tired of the traditional perspective style of painting that had served art for the last four...
Bibliography: • http://www.wisegeek.org/what-is-cubism.htm#didyouknowout
• Rewald, Sabine. "Cubism". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/cube/hd_cube.htm (October 2004)
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