CU1537 – Support Children’s speech, language and communication.
Understand the importance of speech, language and communication for children’s overall development. 1.1
Language: Language is made up of sounds, symbols and signs, these are used between people to understand and even make a convocation between them. Linguists suggest that there is a series of rules that adults/children have to understand and use, once the users master their language skills they can transfer anything they like. Children are not able to understand/use these rules correctly, its starts from toddlers communicating by pointing at an object and saying a single word as to what it is or what they would like, after they learn this they then start to construct sentences. E.g. saying ‘’drink‘’ into saying ‘’can I have a drink?’’ As early as six weeks a baby will start to communicate by making a ‘cooing’ noise, this is to show pleasure. Babies will them go on to start babbling (learning the tune before the words) this is between the ages of six to nine months. Babies will make a large variety of sounds during this point of time this even includes deaf babies. They will begin to make the tuneful sounds by putting vowels and consonants together. Between the ages of nine to ten months babies begin to make sounds also known as babbling, but at this time these sounds are limited, the noises (babbles) the baby makes are reflecting the language that the baby is hearing from their surroundings. Babies at the age of ten months can also understand at least seventeen or more words. Babies will have learned how to gain an adults attention at this time too, they will do this by pointing and raising their voices. Babies will read facial expression to help them understand further what is being said to them by an adult. Babies start moving on from the babble, onto an extended babble also called ‘Echolalia’ it has no meaning to it, and it is just repetition of sounds made by another person. This is the step just before baby’s first words (usually around 12months) the first words may be unclear but will gradually evolve, these words/sounds will be used in usual/parallel circumstances, babbling will continue while baby is learning his/her first words. Communication: Communication can be viewed as an ‘umbrella term’ as it combines language and speech, it consists of facial expression, body language and gesture as well as language and speech. Communication is a way of sending signals to one another and understanding one another. Babies begin to learn how to communicate as soon as they are born. Babies start by crying, they learn that their cries are responded to or understood by an adult. Babies’ cries change depending on their needs (parents soon work out their baby’s cries and learn what they mean e.g. baby is tired, hungry or even bored.) Facial expressions, body language and tone of voice are quickly learned and studied by babies, they soon start to respond to these actions. E.g. baby smiles or laughs at adults smiling at them. Babies will also cry if they were to hear an angry tone. By the age of one (12 months) babies are able to show interest in certain objects by pointing or smiling/laughing at them, recognising when adults/older children are happy and they can also turn their head away to show they are no longer interested or not hungry anymore, this is also when a baby will start to use Echolalia, this will slowly turn into speech. Speech: A child’s speech will normally be learned by the time the child would start to master the written language. Where speech is a vocalised language, it is spoken in sounds. It will depend on the language the child is learning on how many sounds the child will have to learn and master. By 18 months, most toddlers have at least 10 words. Between 18 and 24 months toddlers start to fuse together words to create small sentences of few words, key words are also recognised and chosen by the toddlers to help with their sentence for...
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