CU261P/CT261 Understand Mental Health problems
1.1 The main types of mental ill health according to the psychiatric (DSM/ICD) classification system are as follows; Adjustment Disorder- A significantly more difficult adjustment to a life situation than would normally be expected considering the circumstances. For example; Adjustment Disorder with Anxiety and Adjustment Disorder with Mixed Disturbance of Emotions and Conduct. Anxiety Disorder- Experience of abnormal or inappropriate anxiety without any recognizable stimulus or when the stimulus does not warrant such a reaction. For example; Agoraphobia and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Dissociative Disorder- A disruption in consciousness, memory, identity or perception, when one of these areas is not working correctly and causing significant distress within the individual. For example; Dissociative Amnesia and Depersonalization Disorder. Eating Disorder- Disturbances in eating behaviour such as eating too much, not eating enough or eating in an extremely unhealthy manner (bingeing). For example; Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa. Impulse-Control Disorder-The failure or extreme difficulty in controlling impulses despite the negative consequences such as the impulse to engage in violent behaviour, sexual behaviour, fire starting, stealing and self-abusive behaviours. For example; Kleptomania and Pyromania. Mood Disorder- A disturbance in mood such as an inappropriate, exaggerated or limited range of feelings. For example; Bipolar Disorder and Major Depressive Disorder. Personality Disorder- They contain symptoms that are enduring and play a major role in most, if not all, aspects of a person’s life. Symptoms are seen in at least two of the following areas; Thoughts (ways of looking at the world, thinking about self or others, and interacting), Emotions (appropriateness, intensity, and range of emotional functioning), Interpersonal Functioning (relationships and interpersonal skills) and Impulse Control....
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