Understand the employment rights and responsibilities of the employee and employer and their purpose
1.1 - Identify the main points of contracts of employment and their purpose.
Contracts of employment are an agreement between and employer and employee. It states rules and regulations for both parties to abide by, such as; employment conditions, rights, responsibilities and duties. (Minimum required hours, rate of pay, job role, holiday entitlements, notice periods etc.)
The purpose of a contract is so the employee knows what is expected of them within the company they will be/are working for and so the employer knows everything about the employee’s key responsibilities. Contracts are a sign of proof that both the employee and employer will abide to the regulations stated in the contract.
1.2 - Outline the main points of legislation affecting employers and employees and their purpose, including anti-discrimination and entitlement legislation
The purpose of legislations is to safeguard employers and employees – this means that they are protected from harm/damage within the work place. These legislations include; Employment Rights Act – A law that covers rights to protection of wages , redundancy payment, maternity leave, time off for public duties and not to be unfairly dismissed from employment.
National Minimum Wage Act – This act ensures that every individual in employment will be paid at least a minimum amount depending on their age; employers cannot be paid under this amount. (Apprentice = £2.68, Under 18 = £3.72, 18-20 = £5.03, 21 and over = £6.31).
Working time regulations – this includes limits to working 48 hours per week, unpaid rest break of 20 minutes every 6 hours of work, annual leave and restricted night work.
Equal and anti-discrimination act – This ensures every person is treated equally within the work place and will not be discriminated for; race, sex,