CRYONICS –MOLECULAR NANOTECHNOLOGY
A SEMINAR REPORT
A Seminar report submitted in the partial fulfillment of the requirements of IEEE format 2013.
SUBMITTED TO :
MAHATMA GANDHI INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
UNDER THE ESTEEMED GUIDENCE OF:
DEPT. OF INFORMATION AND TECHNOLOGY
Cryonics is the practice of preserving human bodies in extremely cold temperatures with the hope of reviving them sometime in the future. The idea is that, if someone has "died" from a disease that is incurable today, he or she can be "frozen" and then revived in the future when a cure has been discovered. A person preserved this way is said to be in cryonic suspension.
Cryonic suspension is a method of stabilizing the condition of someone who is terminally ill so that they can be transported to the medical care facilities that will be available in the late 21st or 22nd century. There is little dispute that the condition of a person stored at the temperature of liquid nitrogen is stable, but the process of freezing inflicts a level of damage which cannot be reversed by current medical technology. Whether or not the damage inflicted by current methods can ever be reversed depends both on the level of damage and the ultimate limits of future medical technology. The failure to reverse freezing injury with current methods does not imply that it can never be reversed in the future, just as the inability to build a personal computer in 1890 did not imply that such machines would never be economically built. This paper considers the limits of what medical technology should eventually be able to achieve (based on the currently understood laws of chemistry and physics) and the kinds of damage caused by current methods of freezing. It then
considers whether methods of repairing the kinds of damage caused by current suspension techniques are likely to be achieved in the future.
Life can be stopped and restarted if its basic structure is preserved. The preservation of cells, tissues and organs by cryopreservation is a promising technology nowadays. There are many diseases which are dangerous enough to kill a person, some of them may not have a ready cure, and future medical science may repair and revive the person. If we could carry the person forward through time, for however many decades or centuries might be necessary, until the preservation process could be reversed and the person restored to full health.
The emerging science of nanotechnology will eventually lead to the devices capable of preserving the bodies at temperature that could stop heart, brain and other organs from functioning and recovering any preserved person in which the basic brain structures encoding memory and personality remain intact.
Cryonics, a derivative of nanotechnology is the speculative practice of using cold to preserve the life of person who can no longer be supported by ordinary medicine. Using cryonics seriously ill patients are frozen until they could be treated. For preservation freezing and reanimating of tissues or entire organisms is done. The increasing number of cryonic patients i.e. the patients who are frozen to death with a hope of life extension itself shows the importance of cryonics HISTORY:
It says that historically cryonics began in 1962 with the publication of the prospect of “Immortality” referred by Robert Ettinger, founder and the first president of the cryonics institute.
Today, only a handful of companies offer full Cryosuspension services, including ALCOR life extension foundation in Arizona and the cryonics institute in Michigan. in early 2004, ALCOR had more than 650 members and 59 patients in...
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