INSTRUCTIONAL MODULE AND ITS COMPONENTS
By Soledad Mina Roguel
This lesson discusses what an instructional module is all about, its parts, and the different formats used in writing it. Also included are pointers in writing instructional objectives and some tips for effective writing.
Modules allow the learners to go through the material at their own pace. They may be used for self-instruction or to complement instruction. Knowing how to write learning material in module format is an important skill that trainers should develop.
At the end of this presentation, you are expected to:
1. Define what an instructional module is.
2. Discuss the different components of a module.
3. Write objectives in behavioral terms.
4. Discuss some tips in effective writing.
What is a module?
Russel (1974) defines module as an instructional package dealing with a single conceptual unit of subject-matter. Modules are designed to help the students accomplish certain well-defined objectives. With the use of a module, instruction can be individualized. The learners can go through the material at their own pace and at their own time. They may also be used to complement instruction.
What are the components of a module?
The format and style of a module may differ depending on its purpose and the institution where it is developed. See Table 1 for a comparison of different module formats. As agreed upon in one of the meetings of the Technology Promotion Program, for the training manual that will be produced at PhilRice, the components of each module should be title, overview, objectives, discussion of content, self-check test and evaluation activities, and references. A brief description of each part follows:
Title. It showss the specific topic of the module. A good title should be clear, concise, and reflective of its content.
Overview. It serves us the introduction of the module and describes jts scope and rationale. The overview summarizes the content and importance of the module. In some modules, this section is called introduction, prospectus, or rationale.
Table 1. Comparison of Module Formats
| PCARRD (1997)
| CLSU-ILO (2000)
About the Module
| Description and Scope
| Objectives & Topics
| Suggested Methodology
| Discussion of Topics
| Discussion of Topics
| Self-check Test &
| Evaluation Activities
Objectives. A common feature of most modules is a statement oflearning objectives. They explain the knowledge, skills, and attitudes you warlt to teach. They should be stated in terms of the learners' behaviors. Objectives a11o\" you to focus and organize the information you would like to present. They also help the learners do self -evaluation.
Verbs such as "know" and "understand" are vague and do not tell us what the learners will be doing to demonstrate their understanding. See Table 2 for a list of specific verbs that may be used in stating your instructional objectives. Remember the acronym SMART when writing your objectives.
S - pecific
M - easurable
A – ttainable
R - ealistic
T - ime bound
Discussion. In IRRI and Duldulao's models, objectives and topics are presented together. The suggested format is to present all the objectives at the beginning and the presentation of content follows based on the stated objectives.
What information should be included in a training module? Minnick (1989) classified materials that may be included in any instructional material as:
1. need to know
2. nice to know
3. less nice to know
4. barely relevant
5. might be used someday
For purposes of training, the materials should be limited to the...
References: Duldulao, Virginia A. Let 's Produce More Rice (A Training Manual). Muñoz, Nueva Ecija: Department of Agriculture. Philippine Rice Research Institute, 2000.
Integrating Alternative Approaches to Infrastructure Development and Transport Planning (IDTP) into the Educational and Research Programs of CLSU and Other Institutions. A Terminal Report. CLSU-ILO Project, 2000.
Minnick, Dan R. A Guide to Creating Self-Learning Materials, Los Baños, Laguna: IRRI, 1989.
Russel, J.D:- Modular Instruction. Minneapolis: Burgess Publishing Co., 1974.
Strategic Communication Planning and Management: A Package of Training Modules
Van Daele, C.A. 50 One-Minute Tips for Trainers. Menlo Park, CA: Crisp Publication, Inc., 1995.
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