Coasts become crowded when more and more people want to move there. This means the coast must a number of different pull factors which attracts people to the area for different reasons. Firstly, the climate of an area is a significant factor which can cause it to become crowded. Coasts with a higher climate means that more people want to migrate their in search of warmer climates in the summer, and mild winters. Therefore elderly people who may be retired may wish to move to the coast in search of this, and resulting in the coast becoming more crowded.
In addition to this, a growth in the number of employment opportunities near or on the coast, will also result in it becoming more crowded. As the amount of employment opportunities increase there, more and more people who live further in land will move to the coast to find jobs which they may not be able to find in more central urban areas. These employment opportunities may be in a range of different jobs, from working in the coast in things such as fishing, but also as they have recently seen an increase in jobs in things such as banks, there is now more of a variety of job opportunities.
The accessibility of the coastal area is another very important factor which can result in more people being interested in moving to the coast. For example, if it is very easy to travel from the coast, to a major city such as London then more people will be drawn to the area. For example, regeneration at Bournemouth has resulted in it taking just 2 hours to get to London, which means that more people can live on the coast, as getting to jobs even if they are far away is doable.
Universities in coastal areas also means that coasts will become more crowded as more people will be in and around the area. More people attending a university which is on the coast firstly means that more people will be there and will