The Crow Nation
The Crow Nation, called Apsaalooké by their people, is a federally recognized tribe of historically nomadic people. Apsaalooké, meaning “children of the large-beaked bird” was mistranslated by settlers to “Crow”. The Crow have a rich and interesting background that has assimilated into mainstream culture. Tipis and moccasins are an example of items generally attributed with Native Americans, but are actually specific to the Crow Nation.
The modern Crow tribe stems from the ancient Crow-Hidatsa, who are believed to originate from around the head of the Mississippi River. They separated from the Hidatsa and split into the River Crow, Mountain Crow, and Kicked in the Bellies. They occupied the areas near Yellowstone River, Rocky Mountain foothills, and Bighorn Basin, respectively. They lived a nomadic hunter-gatherer lifestyle and often utilized bison for food, constructing tipis, and making clothing. They wore dresses, leggings, shirts, robes, and moccasins made from hides of hunted game. Like many Plains Indians they were a matrilineal society in which the man moved in with the woman’s family. They would typically all share a tipi – the edge lined for sleeping and the middle holding a fire. Tipis were made with hide, usually buffalo, stretched….The outsides would sometimes have paintings
The Fort Laramie Treaty of 1851 gave 33 million acres to the Crow, but it was reduced in the Fort Laramie Treat of 1868 to 8 million acres. The Crow Reservation is currently located in southcentral Montana, its northern border miles south of Billings. It encompasses over 2 million acres, some being traditional tribal land. It holds three mountain ranges, two river basins, and numerous grasslands. Over 13,000 people currently live on the Crow Reservation
Reservation facilities include: ??? (health care police banks).
Cultural/language preservation projects:
Economic base and