Cross-cultural

Topics: Japan, Geert Hofstede, Yamato people Pages: 8 (2517 words) Published: October 13, 2014
Cross-cultural business
Australia Business Etiquette & Culture
Australia Introduction
Australia has a population of almost 20 million people in a country not much smaller than the contiguous 48 United States. However, the great majority of the population is located in a few major urban centers. The large majority of the population (93%) has a European heritage, primarily English. The predominant language of the country is English with Christianity the largest religion (75%). The Aborigines are indigenous to Australia and make up 1% of the population. They are thought to have canoed to Australia from Southeast Asia some 30,000 to 50,000 years ago. Scientist established this time frame using radiocarbon dating techniques. The Aborigines believe one's exact birthplace determines your position within a clan or kinship group, and gives you with a secret personal name. They also have a strong devotion of kinship, and believe in walkabout -- the desire to revisit the sacred sites. Long-term Australian concerns include pollution, particularly depletion of the ozone layer, and management and conservation of coastal areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef. A referendum to change Australia's status, from a commonwealth headed by the British monarch to a republic, was defeated in 1999. Australia Fun Fact

Australia is a very friendly and open culture. However, "G'day"(g=Good day) the informal "hello" is overused by tourists. The Australians expect one's work to speak for itself, so they are not impressed with your position, title, or status. Don't arrive in town wearing the latest status symbol to announce how important you think you are. Plus, Australia had a "gold rushes" in the 1850s and 1890s. Earlier gold discoveries were kept quiet so chaos didn't break out. But the 1848 California gold rush enticed miners to leave Australia, so the 1850 discovery was not kept quiet. Geert Hofstede Analysis for Australia

The Geert Hofstede (Geert Hofstede Theory) analysis shows the high level of individuality Australian's hold dear. This is reinforced in their daily lives and must be considered when traveling and doing business in the Country. Privacy is considered the norm and attempts at personal ingratiation may meet with rebuff. Uncertainty avoidance is relatively low with a family centered culture and a stable society. The Geert Hofstede analysis for Australia reflects the high level of individuality Australian's hold dear. The Individualism (IDV) index for Australia is 90, the second highest score of any country in Hofstede’s survey, behind the United States' ranking of 91. This individuality is reinforced in Australian’s daily lives and must be considered when traveling and doing business in their Country. Privacy is considered the cultural norm and attempts at personal ingratiating may meet with rebuff. Power Distance (PDI) is relatively low, with an index of 36, compared to the world average of 55. This is indicative of a greater equality between societal levels, including government, organizations, and even within families. This orientation reinforces a cooperative interaction across power levels and creates a more stable cultural environment. (Geert Hofstede Theory) This is due to the comparative study of cultures of different countries. Of IBM employees from around the world, more than 116,000 people have been summarized into four different dimensions viz. power distance(PDI), individual(IDV), masculinity(MAS), uncertainty avoidance(UAI), long and short term orientation(LTO)

The predominant religion in Australia is Christian (50%) and their high Individualism (IDV) index correlates well with other Christian based cultures. In these predominant Christian societies, the Hofstede Individualism Index has been found to be the most closely correlating Dimension Religion in Australia

We have defined a predominantly Christian country as over 50% of the population practicing some form of Christianity, other than Catholicism....
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