Crohn's Disease

Topics: Crohn's disease, Gastroenterology, Ulcerative colitis Pages: 2 (636 words) Published: October 28, 2014

Crohn’s Disease
Jami Thomason
SC131: Human Anatomy and Physiology II
Unit 3 Assignment
Kaplan University
10/28/2014
I have chosen to write my Unit 3 assignment topic on Crohn’s disease, which is also known as Crohn syndrome and regional enteritis, is a form of autoimmune inflammatory bowel disease. Crohn’s disease gets its name and was first discovered by Dr. Burrill B. Crohn in 1932, it is known to possibly have affected as many as 700,000 Americans. This disease can affect any area of the gastrointestinal tract between the mouths to the anus and is caused by a combination of environmental, immune and bacterial factors. With Crohn’s disease the body’s immune system attacks the gastrointestinal tract believed to be directed towards microbial antigens of the body. Although the cause of Crohn’s is uncertain it may be an immunodeficiency state but, it does not appear to be an autoimmune disease. Crohn’s can affect anyone male or female equally at any age most common among adolescents and young adults between the ages of 15 and 35 but, may be genetic related with more than 70 genes found to be involved. Patients with Crohn’s disease have a slightly reduced life expectancy. Symptoms of Crohn’s disease consist of

Persistent Diarrhea
Rectal bleeding
Urgent need to move bowels
Abdominal cramps
Sensation of incomplete evacuation
Constipation (known to cause bowel obstruction)
Other symptoms also related to Crohn’s disease consist of
Fever
Loss of appetite
Weight Loss
Fatigue
Night Sweats
Loss of normal menstrual cycle
While there is no exact known cause of Crohn’s disease improper diet and stress may aggravate the disease. Recent research results suggest hereditary, genetics, and or environmental factors may also contribute to the development of the disease. In most cases the gastrointestinal tract or GI tract contains bacteria many of which assist in the body’s digestion process that are harmless to the bodily system. In most cases our body’s immune...

References: “Crohn’s disease” – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crohn%27s_disease“Crohn’s Disease Center: Symptoms, Types, Causes, Tests, and Treatments” - http://www.webmd.com/ibd-crohns-disease/crohns-disease/“CCFA: What is Crohn’s Disease | Causes of Crohn’s” - http://www.ccfa.org/what-are-crohns-and-colitis/what-is-crohns-disease/“Descriptions of Diseases | AARDA” - http://www.aarda.org/descriptions-of-diseases/#Crohn%E2%80%99s%20disease
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