CRJ 201 Introduction to Criminal Justice
Instructor Robert Spinks
December 23, 2013
Focusing on Effective Intervention
Effective intervention is very important when it comes to reduced reoffending. Principles of effective intervention are what psychologists developed and became organizing concepts of community corrections. The “what works” movement in corrections includes four principles of the intervention which are risk principle, criminogenic need principle, treatment principle, and fidelity principle. The following paragraphs will discuss the importance and conclusioin of effective intervention. The first general principle is known as the risk principle. This includes and targets high-risk offenders. Programs usually are done with the use of risk-assessments for programs to be effective. “Once offenders’ levels of risk are known, programs can target those at the greatest risk of reoffending for the most intenstve treament” (Wright, J., 2012). Research proves that targeting low-risk offenders is less effective than targeting high-risk offenders. Based on risk level, matching treatment to intervention and treatment is the bane of corrections. As a result of an individual subjected to intensive intervention with low-risk, the offender’s behavior can worsen. Behavior can worsen when high-risk offenders and low-risk offenders are mixed together. Research shows that recidivism rates were directly impacted. Regarding sexual offenders, “The findings suggest that the risk principle does, in fact, apply to sexual offenders” (Lovins, B., 2009). The second criminogenic need principle, which is the second principle “posits that intervention programs must focus on change factors related to the offender’s antisocial conduct” (Wright, J., 2012). Important factors
Include problem-solving skills, substance abuse, attitudes and antisocial values, antisocial peers, poor decision-making and dysfunctional...
References: Armstrong, N. P., & Steffen, J. J. (2009). The recovery promotion fidelity scale:
Assessing the organizational promotion of recovery. Community Mental Health Journal, 45(3), 163-170. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10597-008-9176-1
Bond, G. R., Drake, R. E., Rapp, C. A., Mchugo, G. J., & Xie, H. (2009).
Individualization and quality improvement: Two new scales to complement measurement of program fidelity. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 36(5), 349-57. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10488-009-0226-y
Lovins, B., Christopher, T. L., & Edward, J. L. (2009). Applying the risk principle to sex offenders: Can treatment make some sex offenders worse? The Prison Journal, 89(3), 344. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/224316807?accountid=32521
Wright, J. (2012) Introduction to Criminal Justice. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint
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