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The voice of working class in narrating “The Great Gatsby” And Materialism critical point of view
Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch
Writing Research paper
The purpose of this study is a brief explanation of Marxism and also how it appears in The Great Gatsby“. The Great Gatsby (1925) is generally considered to be F. Scott Fitzgerald’s finest novel. The problem is ruler ship of higher classes on lower and worker classes of society. It is Important because the pressure of this ruler ship destroys life and also dream for the lower classes in the society. I want to work on some critical points on this novel by Philips Northman and others, to find out how different between classes of society could damage to the people and destroy their life and dreams, and also how the story criticize or fail to critique the differences between classes of society? From Materialism point of view this novel has some critical points about materialistic view to the life, because people ideology after world war. They pursued themselves to find ideology between matters. So this Materialistic perspective effect on individual and society and engage them to struggle to achieve more wealth. At the end of the novel we notice how this materialistic view of life destroys their dreams.
Fitzgerald’s method of narration, illustrate the importance of form. Using Nick Carrawy as a first person narrator makes the whole novel more dramatic. As a main character in the novel, Nick becomes far more than just a narrative device. The role of the narrator is very important both in terms of formal structure and thematic content. The novel is a description of Jazz Age in America and Its equally skilful characterization. The Great Gatsby is a novel of Ideas. Moving from west to east is always symbolic action of a novel situation. While Gatsby is possessed by the magical view of money and wealth, Nick is able to see clearly into the self-destructive nature of that fascination. The opening paragraph of novel reveals Nick’s basic qualities as a moralist and human being and also Nick’s scotch ancestry and long-established roots in the middle -west and the historical basis of his novel capacity. Emigration of the Nick to West Egg and the subsequent comparison of this location with fashionable East Egg bring up the favourite of Fitzgerald theme of the effects of wealth. Although Nick is not the titular hero but he is an important character. The Great- Gatsby begins and ends with Nick, and on one level the intervening events tell the story of his own development. Nick is the only character from the middle class of society in this novel. Nick’s personal development is allied to this role as narrator and judge. Later on he realizes that he can no more bear the moral vacuousness that lies on the beneath of the money and wealth and sophistication of eastern society, and this is the cause for he returned to the middle west. Unlike Nick, Gatsby’s whole life is devoted to a romantic dream, as a romantic dreamer who seeks to fulfil his idea and dreams by amassing wealth and money. According to Phillip Northman the first chapter closes with the symbol for Gatsby’s dream, and the second opens...
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