Critically Evaluate The Claim That General Cognitive Ability (Intelligence) Is Shaped By Environmental Factors

Best Essays
Critically evaluate the claim that general cognitive ability (i.e., intelligence) is shaped by environmental factors.
The claim that general cognitive ability is shaped by the environment is supported by various psychologists who believe our interactions with our surroundings enable us to develop certain cognitive abilities including intelligence. These abilities can often be influenced by our family environment, the type of education in which we receive and various other environmental interactions. Psychologist often examine an individual’s socioeconomic status (SES) which measures a person’s family economic and social position in comparison other’s in society, directly assessing the influence of the environment. Although a contradicting statement to this claim would suggest
…show more content…
Further research by psychologists Binet and Simon (1905-1908) exemplified how cognitive abilities including intelligence could be measured. The stimuli used focused mainly on areas such as attention, problem solving and memory dismissing topics in which are taught on the school syllabus. The Binet-Simon scale developed by both psychologists became the basis for many various intelligence tests used today. Many have contributed to the nature versus nurture debate and have concluded that it is not each variable which is responsible for the entirety of what makes one intelligent but the interaction between both genes stimulated by the environment which enable the individual to reach their full cognitive potential. Though the definition of intelligence has been debated by many psychologists the constant change in classifying what is deemed to be intelligent can lead to the conclusion that the concept of human intelligence is far too complex to

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    Critically evaluate the cognitive theory of stereotyping. B231: Social Interaction, Exam Paper 1998, Question 4. Graeme Gordon Stereotyping is a form of pre judgement that is as prevalent in today's society as it was 2000 years ago. It is a social attitude that has stood the test of time and received much attention by social psychologists and philosophers alike. Many approaches to, or theories of stereotyping have thus been raised. This essay evaluates the cognitive approach that categorisation…

    • 3286 Words
    • 14 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Cognitive Ability

    • 3287 Words
    • 14 Pages

    Impact of Shakey’s Restaurant Managers’ Cognitive Ability on the Achievement of the Store Objectives PART 1 – THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND Introduction Any company needs a system of control and measurement. This is all the more true in the food industry, wherein the expected output is not only about taste or profitability, but also on several factors that could cause a multitude of praise or problems such as quality of service, effective controls, innovative product mix, brand image, etc (Profitable…

    • 3287 Words
    • 14 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Cognitive Ability

    • 12537 Words
    • 51 Pages

    American Psychological Association 0021-9010/10/$12.00 DOI: 10.1037/a0019985 Get Smarty Pants: Cognitive Ability, Personality, and Victimization Eugene Kim and Theresa M. Glomb University of Minnesota Drawing on the victim precipitation model, this study provides an empirical investigation of the relationship between cognitive ability and victimization at work. We propose that people high in cognitive ability are more prone to victimization. In this study, we also examine the direct and moderating…

    • 12537 Words
    • 51 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Critically evaluate Piaget 's theory of cognitive development Piaget has been described as the father of cognitive psychology (Shaffer, 1988) and his stage theory as the foundation of developmental cognitive psychology (Lutz & Sternberg, 2002). It is not possible to describe Piaget 's empirical findings and theory in only 1,500 words. Instead, I will briefly review the theory 's scope, comprehensiveness, parsimony, applicability, heuristic value and methodological underpinning. I will then evaluate…

    • 2370 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Critically evaluate Pinker 's claim that music is auditory cheesecake: Pinker’s metaphorical expression for music was “auditory cheesecake”, explaining that he considered this function “useless[as a biological adaptation]” (Pinker 1997, p.528). Perhaps avid listeners comfort feed their minds with acoustic cheesecake, but musical knowledge presents the impact of such sweetness goes far beyond just licking the spoon. Extracting Pinker’s perspective, this essay will discuss whether music is valuable…

    • 1759 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Critically evaluate Samuel Huntington's claims in “The Clash of Civilizations?” The abrupt end of the Cold War meant that the bipolar model of thinking which had dominated the sphere of World Politics for decades became obsolete. This new phase led to a renewal in thinking in the study of International Relations dubbed “the hundred schools of thought” which led to a wide spectrum of visions about the uncertain future of world affairs. One of the more prominent visions was the late Professor…

    • 1485 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Due to the extensive body of research that has been conducted on the effects in which bilingualism can have on cognitive ability, various studies have evidently suggested that children who learn a second language attain higher scores in regards to performance in various tasks throughout their development. One study in particular, conducted by Bonifacci, Giombini, Bellocchi and Contento (2011), identified that bilingual and monolingual children did not differ from each other in elementary cognition…

    • 985 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Cognitive ability may proceed along with a child's understanding of death. There is some indication rhat verbal ability enhances the organization of understanding death and communication of this understanding. Gender and socioeconomic status have no effect. Children born in war torn countries have a better understanding on the finality of death. Children who have experienced death of realitives have a greater understanding of non functionality as well. The effects of religion depend on the belief…

    • 90 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    critically evaluate Maslow

    • 1125 Words
    • 5 Pages

    employee motivation. However, because of the invalid ordering of human needs, cultural diversity, and different levels of economy, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs cannot be used in current Chinese business to motivate employees. This essay will critically evaluate the viability of Maslow’s theory. It begins with a brief introduction and some support of the theory, then gives the arguments against it, finally anticipates some doubts and dispute about it. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs hypothesizes that there…

    • 1125 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Critically assess the claim that religious language is meaningless (35 Marks) Religious language has been argued about by many philosophers with regards to whether or not the ways in which we speak about religion are meaningful. This issue of religious language is concerned with the methods by which man talks about God in concern with theist or atheist ideologies. For some, religious language is meaningful and full of purpose while others see it to being pointless. The first assertion of the meaningless…

    • 904 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Better Essays