Critical Thinking Chapter Exercises

Topics: Logic, Argumentative, Premise Pages: 8 (1367 words) Published: March 7, 2015


Chapter 1 and 2 Assignments
Name
HU130
Kim Dean Stanton
March 03, 2015

Exercise 1-1
2. When a belief, which is the same as judgments and opinions, is confidently and forcefully stated, the result is a claim. Therefore, this statement is true. 6. Without a premise, there is no support for the conclusion. Therefore, there is no argument. This statement is true. 13. The first order of business when it comes to thinking critically about an issue is to determine what exactly the issue is. Therefore, neither of those answers are correct letter (c). 14. In order to establish position, there must be a declarative statement which is a claim. In order for an argument to take place there must be a premise in which a logic is applied to come to a conclusion. Therefore, the premise states a position on an issue. This statement is false. 17. This statement is true due to the fact that, even if many people believe that “Death Valley is an eyesore”, does not make it true. It is dependent of what people think. Exercise 1-3

3. This statement is a true objective claim. The statement is independent of what people think; even if many people think that starring at the sun will not damage your eyes does not make it true. 5. This Statement is an objective claim. If Jennifer’s favorite color is yellow, whether or not people believe it, yellow is still her favorite color. The statement is independent of what people think. 9. The statement “driving while drowsy is dangerous” is a true objective claim. Again, the statement is independent of what people think; if the majority of people believe that driving while drowsy is safe does not make it true. 11. The statement “Sarah Palin looks very presidential” is a subjective claim. This statement is dependent of what people think; some people might think she looks very presidential while others might not. Exercise 1-4

2. This statement is an objective claim even though we do not know the data, the claim is independent of what anyone thinks. 6. “Golf is a waste of time” is a subjective claim. The statement is dependent of what people think. Some may think is a waste of time while others enjoy it greatly. 8. “Halloween IV was lousy. A total letdown” is a subjective claim. Again, the statement is dependent on people’s opinions. Exercise 1.6

2. There is an argument in this statement whose conclusion is that “We will have to find someone else who owns a truck” 5. The argument here is that according to the National Science Foundation survey 2 out of 3 Americans believe that alien spaceship account for UFO reports. Therefore, the conclusion is that millions of Americans may have been predisposed to accept the report on NBC’s unsolved mysteries that the military recovered a UFO spaceship with alien markings. 8. The argument here is that people with guns kill more people than people without guns. The conclusion here is that as long as the number or lethal weapons continue to grow on Americans, so will the murder rate. Exercise 1-7

2. The primary issued is best described by letter a: whether the library will have to be open fewer hours next year. 5. The primary issued is best described by letter c: whether an unusually large number of quarterbacks will be drafted early in this year’s draft. 8. The primary issued is best described by letter c: whether the losses people suffered in the fires were their own fault. Exercise 1-17

3. Conclusion: The purpose of (c) is most like the purpose of the original remark. Reason: Both statements recommend an idea that will yield better results. 5. Conclusion: The purpose of (b) is most like the purpose of the original remark. Reason: In both statements the feeling of dislike is not stated directly. 8. Conclusion: The purpose of (a) is most like the purpose of the original remark. Reason: Both statements are assuming based on little facts. 9. Conclusion: The purpose of (a) is most like the purpose of the original remark. Reason: Both statements serve the...
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