Critical Thinking Application: Three Interwoven Phases

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Critical Thinking Application
“Critical thinking is the art of thinking about thinking while thinking in order to make thinking better. It involves three interwoven phases: it analyzes thinking, it evaluates thinking, it improves thinking” (Paul & Elder, 2006. p. xvii).
The fast-paced business environment is becoming increasingly complex and diverse, increasing the importance of critical thinking. Many jobs are dependent on the skill of critical thinking. It helps in making effective decisions and generating ideas in the workplace. Critical thinking can help people looks at all available options before making decisions. This paper will define what critical thinking is. It will then give an example of a personal experience in the application of critical thinking to a job-related decision and examine the benefits and importance of critical thinking in the decision-making processes.
Critical thinking is the combination of several skills. Thinking clearly and rationally as well possessing the ability to engage in independent and reflective thinking is part of critical thinking. The National Council for Excellence in Critical Thinking states, Critical thinking “is based on universal intellectual values that transcend subject matter divisions: clarity, accuracy, precision, consistency, relevance, sound evidence, good reasons, depth, breadth, and fairness.” Critical thinking helps one to distinguish between a variety of analysis and data to improve his or her thinking to help anticipate the consequences of one’s decisions to help make the wiser choice. Critical thinking is especially important when one realizes that there is not a clear-cut solution to many problems.
Thinking is part of human nature; in fact, most creatures can think. More than just thinking is involved with critical thinking. Experiences can sway simple decisions. These experiences consist of a set of assumptions to help interpret one’s surroundings. Helping one’s mind automatically constructs a



References: Bateman, T. S., & Snell, S. A. (2007). Management: Leading & Collaborating in a Competitive World (7th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin. Kirby, G. R., & Goodpaster, J. R. (2007). Thinking: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Critical and Creative Thought (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall. Langdon, K. (2001). Smart Things to Know about Decision-Making. Oxford: Capstone Publishing Ltd. Paul, R., & Elder, L. (2006). Critical Thinking: Tools for Taking Charge of Your Learning and Your Life (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall. Robbins, S. P. (2004). Decide & Conquer: Make Winning Decisions and Take Control of Your Life. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Financial Times/Prentice Hall.

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