Critical Thinking and Type Your Response

Topics: Critical thinking, Fallacy, Logic Pages: 6 (1473 words) Published: February 12, 2014


Persuasive Opinion Writing
The Lesson Activities will help you meet these educational goals: 21st Century Skills—You will use critical-thinking skills and effectively communicate your ideas.

Directions
Please save this document before you begin working on the assignment. Type your answers directly in the document. _________________________________________________________________________

Self-Checked Activities

Write a response for each of these activities. At the end of the lesson, click the link on the final screen to open the Student Answer Sheet. Use the sample answers to evaluate your own work.

1. Analyzing Editorials
a. Select a newspaper from this list of prominent newspapers, and read a variety of recent editorials. Then read some editorials from one or two additional newspapers from different parts of the country. What do you notice about the editorial topics and opinions selected from different newspapers throughout the country?

Type your response here:
The articles from local newspapers were very involved in the crime while newspapers from across the country, like New York, were very focused on the money and economy.

b. Analyze one of the editorials you read. Write a paragraph that answers these questions: What was the subject of the editorial?
What was the author’s position on the topic?
How did the author support his or her opinion? (Give specific examples from the text, such as facts, quotes, and statistics.)

Type your response here:
The subject of the article was a little 13 year old girl on life support but shes brain dead. The author would just state the facts from the hospital but would never express the hospitals reasoning for not helping the family only the familys side.

c. Errors in logic, or fallacies, can make an argument appear weak and unconvincing. Read about good arguments versus fallacies, and complete the five exercises. Then write two syllogisms of your own that are based on fallacies, and explain their logical errors. You might choose from these fallacies: validity problem, post hoc, slippery slope, straw man, inconsistency, begging the question, false dilemma, non sequitur, and ad hominem.

Type your response here:
All dogs have wings.
Froofi is a dog.
Therefore, Froofi has wings.
If all dogs had wings, Froofi would have wings.

Cheryl jumped inside the house.
Then the house collapsed.
Therefore, Cheryl made the house collapse.
Even if Cheryl is a bit overweight, it’s unlikely she caused the house to collapse.

How did you do? Check a box below.

 Nailed It!—I included all of the same ideas as the model response on the Student Answer Sheet.

 Halfway There—I included most of the ideas in the model response on the Student Answer Sheet.

 Not Great—I did not include any of the ideas in the model response on the Student Answer Sheet.

Teacher-Graded Activities

Write a response for each of the following activities. Check the Evaluation section at the end of this document to make sure you have met the expected criteria for the assignment. When you have finished, submit your work to your teacher.

1. Write a Letter
On the editorial page of most newspapers, you will also find letters that people have written to the editor in response to articles or opinion columns. Write a letter to the editor stating your position on the editorial you analyzed in activity 1b. Your opinion may agree or disagree with the editorial. If you agree with the author’s opinion, be prepared to add further support (such as research, examples, and analysis) to your statement. Write your letter in business letter format. Be sure to include a clear description of the issue and compelling evidence to support your opinion. And, remember to use persuasive language.

Type your response here:
Bruce Maiman, the self-described "humble scribbler," offers a list of new words to fit today’s needs, such as "Beardo” for “That guy from ‘Duck...
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