1 What were the three forms of English madrigals? Describe each type. A: It used quite a bit of word-painting, which is the matching of music to the words in the text. There also is The Ballet, which is a piece in which dancers tell a story through their movements and the music. Lastly, there is The Ayre, with is a form of madrigal that is performed in a number of different ways, including with or without accompaniment. 2 What were chorales? Why were they popular?
A: Easy to sing melodies, often based on traditional folk songs. They were popular because the printing press allowed for the publishing of hymnbooks. 3 What is a consort?
A: An instrumental ensemble consisting of six instruments: flute or recorder, lute, cittern, violin or treble viola de gamba, bandore, and the bass viola de gamba. 4 Who was Guillaume Dufay? What contributions did he make to Renaissance music? A: A Franco-Flemish composer who was born in Brussels, he was a prolific composer and one of the most influential of the fifteenth century. He wrote music in almost every musical form available at the time, including chants, motets, chorales, and Masses. 5 Who was William Byrd? What contributions did he make to Renaissance music? A: An Englishman born in 1543; was one composer who created consort music. He is sometimes considered one of the first "geniuses" of the keyboard and many of his compositions were published in My Ladye Nevells Book and Parenthia. Critical Thinking Questions
1 How did music in the Renaissance differ from medieval music? A: Medieval music refers to music written during the Middle Ages, around the time of 500AD - 1400. Most music of this time was monothonic or homorhythmic plainchant. Renaissance music refers to the period from around 1400-1600. 2 What were the effects of the printing press on music and composers? A: It made it much easier to distribute music across longer distances and among more people. So, songs that had previously been learned...
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