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WHAT IS CRITICAL THINKING?
Critical thinking is a higher order of thinking: it is the practice of using a number of different advanced thinking skills in a variety of complex ways.
Critical thinking focuses on thought: it looks at how facts are proven, arguments are formed, conclusions are reached, not just what the facts, argument or conclusion may be.
Critical thinking is self-reflexive: it involves reflecting on, questioning and testing your own thinking processes.
Critical thinking is discipline-specific: it engages in particular forms of reasoning, such as mathematical reasoning, historical analysis or literary interpretation, which are specific to a particular discipline.
HOW IS CRITICAL THINKING DIFFERENT FROM THINKING?
On information: data, facts, examples
On ideas: opinions, positions
On ideas: assumptions, biases, flaws in reasoning, point
of view, context, implications
Organizing and making connections
between pieces of information or ideas,
sometimes making basic inferences
To form an opinion about what you are
Deeply and broadly questioning and testing the ways in
which an idea is formed as well as how you have been
interpreting and examining the idea. Thinking about your
own thinking while you are thinking about the thinking of
To apply criteria in forming a conclusion or evaluation
about what you have been thinking about and how you
have been thinking about it.
WHAT IS GOOD CRITICAL THINKING?
Good critical thinking meets the criteria of these intellectual values:
HOW DO WE THINK CRITICALLY?
1. We Begin With the Right Approach
Reason: We base our thinking in logic, not...
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