Critical Thinking

Topics: Critical thinking, Scientific method, Fallacy / Pages: 16 (3767 words) / Published: Mar 12th, 2013
PCR0025

CRITICAL THINKING

26 SEPTEMBER 2012

SECTION A: MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTIONS [80 MARKS] 1. Susan is about to make a business deal with a Japanese organization, and she thinks that the business deal will be successful because all Japanese are hardworking. Which critical thinking hindrance does this issue exhibit? A. Stereotype B. Egocentrism C. Herd instinct D. Wishful thinking 2. In a 1989 international study of 13-year-olds, Koreans finished first in Mathematics and Americans finished last. Yet when asked whether they thought they were "good at mathematics," only 23 percent of Koreans said "yes," compared to 68 percent of Americans. Which critical thinking hindrance does this situation exhibit? A. Egocentrism B. Stereotype C. Herd instinct D. Wishful thinking 3. Which one is not the critical thinking standard? I. Fairness II. Firmness III. Completeness IV. Logical correctness A. B. C. D. I II I, II, III I, II, III, IV

4. Critical thinking is NOT __________. I. negative II. fault finding III. exercising observation IV. involving skilled judgment A. B. C. D. I I, II I, II, III I, II, III, IV Continued…
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PCR0025

CRITICAL THINKING

26 SEPTEMBER 2012

5. These are goals of critical thinking EXCEPT__________. A. to use our mind to the fullest B. to be able to manipulate situation C. to teach student on how to reason well D. to teach students to cope with the demands of life 6. Clarity means __________. A. critical thinkers must refer to the dictionary B. critical thinkers must have good command of English C. critical thinkers must have good command of at least three languages D. critical thinkers strive for clarity of language as well as clarity of thought 7. The tendency to overrate oneself by seeing oneself as being better than one actually is can be best described as __________. A. self-serving bias B. self-interested thinking C. self-monitoring thinking D. self-services monitoring 8. “I prefer homework where the lecturer

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