Critical Think and Creativity

Topics: Critical thinking, Problem solving, Thought Pages: 22 (6661 words) Published: August 13, 2011
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CRITICAL THINKING AND CREATIVITY AN OVERVIEW AND COMPARISON OF THE THEORIES by Jean Marrapodi

A Paper Presented in Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements of ED7590 Critical Thinking and Adult Education December 2003 Address: City, State, Zip: Phone: E- mail: Instructor: Mentor: 96 Ravenswood Avenue Providence, RI 02908 (401) 453-5972 rejoicer@aol.com Dr. Marsha Covington Dr. Barbara Salice

Critical Thinking & Creativity Table of Contents

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Introduction..................................................................................................................................... 3 Initial Research Impressions ........................................................................................................... 4 Research Findings ........................................................................................................................... 4 Research on Critical Thinking ................................................................................................ 4 Research on Creative Thinking............................................................................................... 8 Research Mentioning Both Critical and Creative Thinking ................................................. 18 Observations about the Research and Conclusions ...................................................................... 23 References ..................................................................................................................................... 24

Critical Thinking & Creativity Introduction

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In Developing Critical Thinkers, p. 114-118, Stephen Brookfield cites a variety of researchers’ main thinking on creativity, positing that creative thinking is one aspect of the development of critical thinking. (Brookfield, 1987) What are the commonalities between critical thinking and creative thinking? To me, the two appear to be in opposition to one another, since critical thinking is about evaluation of ideas and creative thinking is about expansion of ideas. I have always been known as a creative person, so this topic intrigues me. I have read several books in the popular psychology world about creativity, including works by von Oeck, deBono, Gelb, and Buzan. I have looked at materials designed to expand creativity in individuals, and was even asked to review a book on creativity for T+D magazine, ASTD’s flagship journal. When these two topics were juxtaposed, it sent me on a search for additional information. Interestingly, one of the techniques of creative thinking is to juxtapose unrelated topics to see what evolves from matching them. I am not the only one to have done this with creativity and critical thinking, and much of the literature I found matching the two is for K-12 teachers, because the teaching of these two concepts and practices is being strongly advocated in many public schools. In this paper, I plan to review some of the scholarly literature about creativity and critical thinking, looking for commonalities between them. I also plan to compare the public trade books about creative thinking and explore how that thinking aligns with the research. Finally, I would like to explore if the relationships between them can strengthen my creative and critical thinking abilities.

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Initial Research Impressions The literature is quite comprehensive on critical thinking and creative thinking. There is very little agreement among authors on definitions of what they are, and most of the scholarly research is comprised of quoting one another. There is research in academia, psychology and business covering each topic with strong opinions and recommendations.

Research Findings Research on Critical Thinking In exploring the initial research on critical thinking, there are quite a variety of opinions defining it. In our text, Brookfield (1987) defines five aspects and four components of...

References: Andriopoulos, C. (2001). "Determinants of organisational creativity: A literature review." Management Decision 39(10): 834. Anonymo us (2002). "New catalysts for creativity." Human Resource Management International Digest 10(2): 7. Bellis, M. Critical Thinking Skills - Creative Thinking: Calvin Taylor 's model of creative thinking and critical thinking. Critical Thinking Skills - Creative Thinking. M. Bellis. 2003. Brookfield, S. (1987). Developing critical thinkers: Challenging adults to explore alternative wasy of thinking and acting. San Francisco, Jossey-Bass Publishers. Brown, J. S. and P. Duguid (2001). "Creativity versus structure: A useful tension." MIT Sloan Management Review 42(4): 93. de Bono, E. (1995). "Serious creativity." The Journal for Quality and Participation 18(5): 12. Donoghue, C. (2003). "Make the most of your mind by thinking further." New Zealand Management 50(1): 60.
Faccione, P. (1998) "Critical thinking: What it is and why it counts", California Academic Press Feldhusen, J. F. (2002). "Creativity: the knowledge base and children." High Ability Studies 13(2): 179-183. Feldhusen, J. F. and B. E. Goh (1995). "Assessing and accessing creativity: An integrative review of theory, research, and development." Creativity Research Journal 8(3): 231, 17p. Helgeson, L. J. (1993). "Promoting creativity & critical thinking--with science." Teaching PreK8 23(5): 12. Huitt, W. (1994). Critical Thinking. Educational Psychology Interactive. 2003 Kandola, B. (2002). "Graduate induction training techniques: A new model for fostering creativity." Education & Training 44(7): 308. Kelly, E. P. (2000). "When Sparks Fly: Igniting Creativity in Groups." The Academy of Management Executive 14(1): 157. Lamb, A. (2003). Critical and Creative Thinking - Bloom 's Taxonomy. A. Lamb. 2003.
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Mauzy, J. and R. A. Harriman (2003). "Three climates for creativity." Research Technology Management 46(3): 27. Michalko, M. (1998). "Thinking like a genius: Eight strategies used by the supercreative, from Aristotle and Leonardo to Einstein and Edison." The Futurist 32(4): 21. Michalko, M. (2000). "Four steps toward creative thinking." The Futurist 34(3): 18. Provost, L. P. and R. M. Sproul (1996). "Creativity and improvement: A vital link." Quality Progress 29(8): 101. Ragsdell, G. (2001). "From creative thinking to organisational learning via systems thinking? An illustration of critical creativity." Creativity & Innovation Management 10(2): 102, 8p. Richards, B. (2003). "Intelligent innovation: Ideas to action." The Journal for Quality and Participation 26(2): 14. Sackatachawan Education,. (Retrieved 2003). Chapter IV: Critical and Creative Thinking. Understanding the Common Essential Learnings. Saskatachawan Education. Regina, SK, Saskatchewan Education. 2003: Sawyer, R. K. (1999). "The emergence of creativity." Philosophical Psychology 12(4): 447. Smith, D. K., D. B. Paradice, et al. (2000). "Prepare your mind for creativity." Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM 43(7): 110. Thomas, J. (1999). "Nine barriers to thinking creatively." Women in Business 51(1): 14. Thompson, C. (1992). What a great idea! Key steps creative people take. New York, Harper Collins. University of Massachusetts, School. of. Education. (2003). Graduate program in critical and creative thinking. Boston, University of Massachusetts. 2003 Unsworth, K. (2001). "Unpacking creativity." Academy of Management. The Academy of Management Review 26(2): 289. Wycoff, J. (2002). Innovation DNA. J. Wycoff.
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