A. Critical analysis of safeguarding children including legislation, policy and professional practice (4000 word - 100%):
United Nations Convention on the Rights of the child (UNCR 1989), Article 1 defines a 'child' as a person below the age of 18. Law is used in order to legitimise society; children are deeply and permanently affected by the laws that are made and enforced by adults. Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of the children is based on "_protecting, preventing and ensure safety_" towards children, (Reference). Within society there are many professionals and agencies operated in order to protect and reinforce children's rights. The language of safeguarding children came about with the advent of The Children Act 1989. The Children's Act (1989) and (2004) are also legislation which states that those who work with children have priority to keep them safe. The Children's Act 2004 focuses more on 'integrating services around meeting the needs of children and their families', which resulted in professionals working more closely together (DfES, 2004a). Measures which also are seen to be protecting the interests of the child, would be the European Convention on Human Rights and the United Convention on the Rights of the Child are seen to in-fact have 'limited impact' focusing less on the actual rights of the child and more on parental rights in respect of their children's education (Blythe and Parkin, 1999, p. 118). Although children do not have any say in who will govern them, it is seen as essential for children to be protected within this integrated system we live in. Although professionals have the duty of the protection of children "_everyone who comes into contact with children and families has a role to play_", any organisation or agency can work together in order to provide consistent support towards children (Web ref 1).
Before moving forward with this essay it is important to establish the professional practice and case which will be used to analyse the child protection of children within the United Kingdom. The parental responsibility under the Children's Act 1989 S3 (1) is defined as having 'responsibilities' rather than 'rights' in relation to children. However there have been many cases where the parents/career of child has been questioned. Social workers are called to look at the case, the duty of a local authority social worker especially in the Children's Act 1989 S17 (1) is seen to be a duty to investigate when there is cause to suspect that a child may be suffering or has been harmed. Social workers are going to be the focus in this essay in terms of professionals used to protect children and Victoria Climbié case will also be the focus.
Social workers are seen as "mediators, aggressive intervener, interpreters and provider/ locator/ creator of resources in terms of the client's needs", in terms of roles which are played (Hollis, 1964). Most times dealing with social workers are not always at the request of the client, child protection is not the only option they also deal with "compulsory admission to mental health care and at the order of the criminal courts" (Lindsay, 2013, p. 2). Over the years, the complexity of work for practitioners advanced, which created _structural and organisational changes_ (web ref 2). After several years, the government therefore decided to use their agenda for children's services onto the case of Victoria Climbié (Laming, 2003). This essay will be based on the analysis of the safeguarding and protection of children and the issues which may come about doing so. Focusing on the work of Social workers in terms of child protection and how the effective safeguarding was lacked in the case of Victoria Climbié (2000).
The death of Victoria Climbié came about in February 2000, aged eight years and three months; her abuse by her great aunt Marie-Therese Kouao and Kouao partner, Carl John Manning, was unknown although she had been seen by many different...
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