RUNNING HEAD: LAW ENFORCEMENT CRISIS INTERVENTION
Law Enforcement Crisis Intervention
Tuesday, August 6, 2013
A crisis can be described as disruption or breakdown in a person’s normal or usual way of functioning in life, when individuals are confronted with problems that cannot be solved. (Caplan, G.1961) A crisis cannot be resolved by a person’s customary problem-solving resources/skills. Crisis can be handled different and are different for people in the way they can be handled; a crisis is mush different from a problem or emergency. A problem can create stress and be sometimes difficult to resolve, the family or individual is capable of finding a solution. Consequently, a problem that can be resolved by an individual or a family without outside intervention is not a crisis. Oftentimes, a problem may seem like a crisis to a family or individual under stress and not thinking clearly. Interventions that establish trust and provide reassurance, advice or a referral by the caseworker may resolve such a problem. While an emergency is a sudden, pressing necessity, such as when a life is in danger because of an accident, a suicide attempt, or family violence. It requires immediate attention by law enforcement, CPS, or other professionals trained to respond to life-threatening events. If a situation can wait 24 to 72 hours for a response, without placing an individual or a family in jeopardy, it is a crisis and not an emergency. Everyone has gone through situations that make him or her feel upset, fatigued or disappointed. When these types of instances are combined with the everyday stresses of life, they can lead to mounting tension and stress. Situations that may produce stress and, in turn, contribute to a state of crisis are family issues, situations going on in the community, economical situations, events that happen significantly in your life and natural causing events.
The sole person of those doing crisis work, whether a person is a trained Intervention 3
professional or a volunteer is the need to help and care for others. Appropriate training is crucial and can determine whether a crisis worker will become help or a hindrance to a community in crisis. While every crisis is different, they all require immediate intervention to interrupt and reduce crisis reactions and restore affected individuals to precrisis functioning. Crisis interventions are meant to provide people with emotional first aid targeted to the particular circumstances of the crisis. (Rosenbluh, 1981) There are numerous guiding principles that play a role in the success of a crisis intervention: make an accurate assessment is the most critical aspect of a crisis response because it guides the intervention; the ability to think quickly and creatively is crucial; stay calm an collected; being that crisis are shortly term, and be able to establish specific goals regarding specific behaviors that can be achieved within a short time frame. (Shapiro & Koocher, 1996). Crisis can be thought of being universal and they effect people of all ages, genders, and races, culture mediates how individuals and communities express crisis reactions and how they ask for and accept help (Dykeman, 2005) Those that are involved in a crisis experience events and reaction that may change or even go away after time. The event itself, their personal characteristics and the ecological environment that the individual inhabits affect these changes. Before responding to a crisis, it is important to find out as much information about the individual and the situation at hand before approaching the individual. Individuals in a crisis have difficulty remembering details, and asking questions for which they may not have answers may be perceived as discouraging. So you will not become so overwhelmed with the crisis itself, it is always a good idea...
References: Caplan, G. (1961). An approach to community mental health. New York: Grune & Stratton.
Collins, B.G., & Collins, T.M.(2005) Crisis and Trauma: Developmental-ecological intervention
Dykeman, B. F. (2005). Cultural implications of crisis intervention. Journal of
Instructional Psychology, 32(1), 45–48.
Rosenbluh, E. S. (1981). Emotional first aid. Louisville, KY: American Academy of Crisis Interveners.
Shapiro, D., & Koocher, G. (1996). Goals and practical considerations in outpatient medical crises. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 122, 109–120.
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