Criminal Profiling

Topics: Federal Bureau of Investigation, Crime, Law enforcement agency Pages: 6 (1163 words) Published: July 14, 2011
This thesis will cover background information on criminal profiling. Some psychiatrists,
criminologists, and psychologists believe there are specific traits, psychological factors that will

separate a person from the rest of society. This thesis will explain that criminal profiling will
help narrow the list of suspects from rape and homicide by formulating the type of person whom

the investigators should be looking for. How long does he or she think criminal profiling has

been used in law enforcement?

Criminal Profiling

Criminal profiling is established on the theory that an individual commits a crime with

some kind of motivation so he or she must have leaved some form of psychological evidence at

the crime scene. Profiler must be extremely knowledgeable in the area of crime scenes,

criminals, and psychology. Profilers will look at the weapons used, amount of violence, the

position of bodies, any verbal statements, and information about victim. Criminal profiling is

often used to help find serial killers and psychopaths that may go free without criminal profiling.

Criminal profiling is used by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and law enforcements. (Entering the Minds of Serial Killers, 2008)
Profilers, are highly trained to investiagation crimes that study behaviral and detail of unsolved

violent crimes (O'Toole, 1999). The characteistics of a good profiling, able to evaluate

information in a logical manner.

Profiling is mostly used in the United States by the Federal Bureau of Investigation

(FBI). The most recent estimate on criminal profiling is approximately 1000 case per year

(Snook, Gendreau, Bennell, & Taylor, 2008). Criminal Profiling is also being used in other countries, United Kingdom has reported 242 case between 1981-1994 (Snook, Gendreau, Bennell, & Taylor, 2008). The other countries that using criminal profiling are Russia, Ireland, Germany, New Zealand, Canada, Malaysia, Finland, Zimbabwe, The Netherlands, Sweden, and South Africa (Snook, Gendreau, Bennell, & Taylor, 2008). There is no exact estimates on how many case are done by criminal profiling in these countries (Snook, Gendreau, Bennell, & Taylor, 2008).

Why do they believe criminal profiling works? Law enforcement believe it does works, helps law enforcement have an understanding of the offender and will keep focus on the investigation, plus law enforcements believe they have nothing to lose (Snook, Gendreau, Bennell, & Taylor, 2008).

In profiling a crime scene a profiler will label the crime scene as mixed, organized, and disorganized this will help profiling with the suspect behavior and on his back ground. A mixed offered is harder to profile, but still can be done.

A mixed offered is both disorganized and organized so the suspect will leave characteristics at

the crime scene. An example, of a mixed offered may pick victims randomly but the offender

may bring his/her own tools.

A disorganized offender is often spontaneous offers. A disorganized offender will often

depersonalized the victim this will help make the crime less real and allowing him/her to remain

detached. There’re usually very little conversation or no conversation between the victim and

offender and the crime sense is usually sloppy and random.

Organized offenders are often very intelligent, have their lives together, and have a live in

partner, and socially adept. They tend to be the oldest child of the family out of there brother

and sisters. There’s usually something that caused him or her to act out like series of stressful

situations. Most of the time he or she will follow the crime coverage in the media very carefully.

There is six steps they are used by crime analysis that the Federal Bureau of

Investigation (FBI) started. The first step is profiling input this is gathering materials to the

specific crime. This can...

References: Snook, B., Bennell, C., Gendreau, P., & Taylor, P.J. (2008). Criminal Profiling. Skeptic, 14 (2),
42-46, 6.
C.B.Meyer. (2000). Criminal Profiling. Basel University law student 's journal.
Lea Winerman, (2004, July), Criminal profiling: the reality behind the myth
Mary Ellen O 'Toole. (1999, February). Criminal profiling: The FBI uses criminal investigative
analysis to solve crimes
Career and Technical Education. (Document ID: 39015049).
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