Criminal Justice Trends Criminal Justice Trends
Criminal Justice Trends
In today’s modern society the criminal justice field must stay up to date with the latest trends in order to effectively combat crime. As new crimes are committed, new technology and resources to solve and prevent these crimes is needed. This is a recap of the criminal justice trends that came with the birth of policing to what has yet to come in our modern world.
In 1829 the London Metropolitan Police District was created. This was the first ever police force. Sir Robert Peel established principles for this police district as the first police chief. “These principles include the use of crime rates to determine the effectiveness of the police; the importance of a centrally located, publicly accessible police headquarters; and the value of proper recruitment, selection, and training” (Patterson). Peel assigned his officers to specific geographical zones which they were then responsible for preventing and suppressing crime within these zones. This is known as beats. Before Peel’s assignment, officers or military patrolled sporadically and usually only responded after a crime had been committed. By developing scheduled and organized beats, Peel helped to create order and police presence within the community.
“To implement fully the beat concept, Peel instituted his second most enduring innovation: The paramilitary command structure. While Peel believed overall civilian control to be essential, he also believed that only military discipline would ensure that constables actually walked their beats and enforced the law on London 's mean streets, something their nonmilitary predecessors, the watchmen, had failed to do” (Patterson).
Today’s criminal justice system has technology that Peel never could have imagined. Officers are able to communicate via cell-phone, radio and computer in their car. Police stations and court houses can access the same databases, and there are hundreds of police officers patrolling
References: Bernard K. Melekian, "Policing in the New Economy: A New Report on the Emerging Trends from the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services," The Police Chief 79 (January 2012): 16–19. Nancy M. Ritter, “Preparing for the Future: Criminal Justice in 2040,” National Institute of Justice 255 (July 2004) Patterson, J. (n.d.). Community Poicing: Learning The Lessons Of History. Retrieved from The Lectric Law Library: http://www.lectlaw.com/files/cjs07.htm