Criminal Justice System
The three different branches of the U.S. government are the executive, legislative, and judicial. The purposes of the three branches vary but over the entire goal are to run the country effectively and justly. The executive branch of government is lead by the president of the U.S. and makes sure that the laws of the United States are obeyed, is the Commander-in-chief of the armed forces, can vetoes laws, and is in charge of appointing government leaders. The legislative branch consists of Congress, and the Senate House of Representatives. This branch is in charge ok making laws, approving or disapproving of the president’s appointments, they can declare war, and they approve or disapprove treaties. The Judicial branch is made up of the Supreme Court, and the other Federal courts. There job is to explain the meanings of laws, and decide if a law or action agrees with the U.S. Constitution.
The main role of law enforcement is to enforce the laws. Law enforcement is considered to be a part of the executive branch and consists of local, state, and federal police agencies. Law enforcement will typically be the starting point for some ones journey threw the criminal justice system. The legislative branch makes the laws, and law enforcement ensures that these laws are being followed by every one. This is done by arresting those who do not follow the laws, and sending them further into the criminal justice system to prosecute the offender.
The role of criminal courts within the criminal justice field is to settle disputes and to try to determine if a suspect or offender is guilty or not guilty of what ever crime they are being tried for. This would typically be the second step for an offender entering the criminal justice system. You typically have a judge, prosecutor, defense attorney, and/or a jury. The offender faces trail and the evidence is told to the judge or jury and they figure out from there whether or not said offender is...
Cited: Schmalleger, Frank. Criminal Justice Today. 10. 2008-02-10, 2008. Print.
Thomas J. Gardner, Terry M. Anderson. Criminal Law 10th Edition. Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth, 2009. Print
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