Criminal Justice System
The criminal justice system is nothing more than different sets of agencies tasked to carry out penalties for those who have committed a crime and broken the law. How the criminal justice system actually works depends on where and who is in charge such as, a city, county, federal government and also where the laws are effective such as, military jurisdiction. The main two systems that make up the criminal justice system are State and Federal systems. State criminal justice systems handle only crimes committed within the state that they are in charge of. Federal systems handle crimes committed on federal property or in more than one state. Both of these systems are in place for a reason because different laws apply depending on where the crime takes place and what crime was committed. There are also many different components that help these two systems function in an effective and orderly manner. These components are, law enforcement, lawyers and the justice system, and lastly the corrections departments. Law enforcement are mainly police officers, highway patrol, sheriff's etc. These brave men and women uphold the laws standards and are the first line of defense against crime. They also initiate the first steps when it comes to processing a criminal, such as issuing a ticket and making an arrest. The justice system then takes the next step in deciding the persons punishment for the crime they committed. They are run by judges, whose role is to make sure that the criminal gets a fair and impartial trial. The next step in the system is the corrections phase. If the individual is found gui.lty and sent off to prison they will reside in this phase for the duration of their sentence. However there are many steps that are taken before someone even makes it to the corrections phase. The three main phases of entry into the system are, report, investigation, and arrest or citation. Report is when the officers of the law take the first step and...
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