top-rated free essay

criminal justice

By websthewall Aug 30, 2014 764 Words
What is crime? A crime is when someone breaks the law that is made by the federal, state, or local government with an unjustifiable reason. For example, if someone was trying to kill another person, the victim has a right to defend himself even if it results in the assaulter’s death. On the other hand it is considered a crime if you kill someone out of anger. To decide on what is or is not a crime there are two common models of how society determines which acts are criminal. The consensus model deals with how the majority of people within a society have the same beliefs and value as to what is right and wrong, such as the right to bare arms or freedom of speech. The conflict model deals with an economic or political group decision; what is best for the economy or business or the party that is in power. For example, prohibiting robbery. (1) It is then important to understand how society determines what constitutes a crime. There are four main choice theories that society may use to determine what is a criminal act. The first theory is legalistics. This theory means if there is no law about a certain behavior, then it is not illegal. The next theory is political. This is a law made by a political party to benefit themselves or their constituents. Another theory is sociological which is an act that is not a crime but is offensive to a society. The last theory is psychological which is an act by someone who cannot function by social rules. In our society, if a crime does occur there are procedures that are put in place as a result of our government’s criminal justice structure. The departments that deal with the criminal justice system are the police, the court, and the corrections department. These bodies of the criminal justice system are what help with our government’s criminal justice process. The early stage of the process most often involves the police. The job of the police is to investigate the crime, collect as much evidence as possible, and if need be, make an arrest. The middle stage usually involves the courts, which hold the pre-trials, trials, and sentencing. During pre-trial they set bail, determine if there is sufficient evidence, and decide if the case needs to go to trial. At the end of pre-trials the accused hears from the judge the indictment against him then the accused pleas guilty or not guilty. After pre-trials the case goes to trial. During trial the judge, jury, and lawyers go over all the details involving the case to prove if the accused is convicted or acquitted of charges. If convicted, the next stage would go to sentencing. This stage involves the judge giving the proper punishment to the convicted by paying a fine, giving probation, or sending the convicted to a corrections facility. If the judge does send the convicted to a corrections facility they will be held at this place for however long the judge sentences he or she for. This person may have a chance to be able to finish their sentence on probation or receive early parole. To help prevent crimes from happening the criminal justice system has determined some goals. The first goal is deterrence, which are warnings. For example, no trespassing signs which give people warnings that if you trespass you can be arrested. The next goal is incapacitation, which is sending a convicted felon to a corrections facility. Another goal is retribution. Retribution shows the perpetrator and others that the sentencing will be worse if he or she commits the crime again. The fourth goal is rehabilitation. This goal usually happens when the convicted is in a corrections facility and the criminal justice system helps bring them back to society. The last goal is restoration. This goal is to make it right for the victim of the crime. It is to make amends for what the criminal did. “Since a system is an assemblage or combination of things or parts forming a complex or unitary whole.”(2) , I believe the Criminal Justice system is a system because the police work with the courts by arresting criminals and collecting the evidence. A prosecutor presents the evidence to a judge or jury. Upon conviction, the courts work with the corrections department to carry out the sentence.

CITATIONS
1. 1. Criminal Justice Today. (n.d.). Retrieved August 19, 2014.

2. The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D. Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Why Criminal Justice

    ...cultural mores and customs of a society. Within the realm of codified law, there are generally two forms of law that the courts are concerned with. Civil laws are rules and regulations which govern transactions and grievances between individual citizens. Criminal law is concerned with actions which are dangerous or harmful to society as a who...

    Read More
  • Critically assess the impact of the criminally of the criminally justice

    ...Critically assess the impact of the criminal justiceAct (2003) has had on penal policy and practice. The criminal justice Act (2003) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It is a wide ranging measure introduced to modernise many areas of the criminal justice system in England and Wales and to a lesser extent in Scotland and North...

    Read More
  • cultural concerns in the criminal justice

    ...given to some of our leaders whether they work in senate, courts or jail, can go to their head and the system shakes a bit. Culture is one of the issues we face in society, the US is a diverse country but this difference can affect our justice and administration and how it’s practiced. Courts often seek for alternatives when sentencing def...

    Read More
  • CCJS 461 Project 1

    ... CCJS 461 7380 Psychology of Criminal Behavior Operant Conditioning in the Criminal Justice System July 12, 2015 Psychology plays a very important role in the field of criminal justice. It is needed to help assess individuals who commit crimes, as well as, help to be a predictor of criminal behavior. Utilizing theories...

    Read More
  • Justice Systems in Egypt and in the United States

    ...Justice System in Egypt and the United States Brian L. Goodman Daymar College Outline Abstract Introduction III. The Legal Systems A. The United States Legal System B. The Egypt Legal System IV. Types of Crimes V. Components of Justice System in the United States VI. Components of Justice System in Egypt V...

    Read More
  • Cja 423 Criminal Justice

    ...Future of the Juvenile Justice System Cody Cotton Dave Muser Noe Farjado Robert Thomas CJA/403 March 22, 2011 Jaime Roman Future of the Juvenile Just...

    Read More
  • Criminal Justice Workplace Observation

    ...Criminal Justice Workplace Observation Cynthia Willison CJA 444 April 23, 2012 Mike Raneses Criminal Justice Workplace Observation Each agency that takes part in criminal justice in any form has a climate, which has set ways with concerns within the criminal justice agencies. For instance, the organizational climate in a military facilit...

    Read More
  • Ethics in Criminal Justice Administration

    ...Ethics in Criminal Justice Administration Analysis Lisa Myatt CJA/484 David Mailloux July 30, 2012 Ethics and professional behavior are an important part of criminal justice administration. Ethics is referred to as what is right or wrong and your moral principles. Criminal justice administration are fa...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.