Criminal Justice

Topics: Prison, Federal Bureau of Prisons, Criminal justice Pages: 18 (5917 words) Published: August 6, 2010
Recidivism and Resettlement: Determining the Level of Satisfaction in the Needs and Accommodations in Preventing Recidivism and establishing Resettlement for Female Offenders Luis A Cintron

Argosy University, Honolulu Campus

W7000 – Advanced Academic Study and Writing
Professor Lyons
June 25, 2010

Table of Contents Abstract………………………………………………………………………………………..…..3 Literature Review on the Understanding of Recidivism and Resettlement…………………….…4 History of Female Offenders within the Bureau of Prison (BOP)…………………….................9 How Gender Causes Differences for Female Offenders while Incarcerated………………….....11 Policies and Procedures that Female Inmates must Followed…................................................12 Relationship between Female Offenders and their Children……………………………............14 Health Care Issues of Female Offenders………………………………………………………...15 Programs for Female Offenders………………………………………………………………....17 Identified Challenges in Preventing Recidivism………………………………………………...19 Gaps in the Literature and Future Research Directions……………………………………........19 Appendix A………………………………………………………………………………….…..21 Appendix B………………………………………………………………………………….…..23 Appendix C……………………………………………………………………………………...24 References……………………………………………………………………………………….25

Abstract
An area that has been overlooked in the discussion of female offenders is the issue of needs and accommodations in preventing recidivism. This paper will report the results of an initial review on recidivism. The result of the literature-reviewed will examined different needs and accommodations among female offenders and how recidivism is formed. Various studies and ways to prevent recidivism will be explained from discouraging a revolving door for female offenders. Several factors will be examined such as, institution programs, families, and the community that contributes in forming recidivism among the female populations. Finally, research questions for future investigation will be proposed on preventing recidivism and establishing a resettlement program among female offenders. Keywords: individual liability, gynecological, information continuity, management continuity, morbidities, negligence, planned behavior, recidivism, relationship continuity, resettlement Determining the Level of Satisfaction in the Needs and Accommodations in Preventing Recidivism and establishing Resettlement for Female Offenders This literature reviewed will examine how to prevent recidivism through the needs and accommodations that female offenders rely on while incarceration. Recidivism has become a natural norm for many female inmates. Many federal and state prisons are becoming over crowded due to a high volume of recidivism among female offenders.

For many of the female offenders, it becomes difficult for them to reintegrate into the community without the proper skills and accommodations due to gender differences. These differences are “females who are involved in the criminal justice system present different circumstances and needs than those of their male counterparts” (National Data Analysis System, 2006). This is becoming a growing trend among the female populations. The female offender populations have been increasing at a higher rate within the past several years. Many programs and facilities are being developed and upgraded to meet the needs of this expanding population. According to the U.S. General Accounting Office (2009) (GAO), there has been a 500% increased in the number of female offenders in state/federal correctional systems between the1980 through 1999. The U.S. Department of Justice Federal Bureau of Prisons (2008), reported between 1980 and 1989, both male and female population has doubled within the federal prisons, from about 24,000 inmates to 58,000. The population doubled again between 1990 and 1999. By the end of Fiscal...

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