Criminal Justice

Topics: Judge, United States, Supreme Court of the United States Pages: 4 (1281 words) Published: April 3, 2013
The Distinguishing Features of the Major Court Systems
Yolanda Wiley
Survey of Justice and Security /AJS/502
April 1, 2013
George Gallitano, PhD

The Distinguishing Features of the Major Court Systems
The American Court System
The American court is the most puzzling and perplex in the entire world. Each state maintains the same functions yet they are referred to by different names. Therefore, to understand American court structure, we must understand how each court functions. Federal Courts

The court systems in the United States consist of two separate entities, the federal level and the state level. The federal consist of the U.S. Supreme Court, the U.S. Circuit Courts of Appeal, U.S. District Courts and the U.S. Magistrate. State and local court systems are established by the state. Both systems together are considered as a dual court system. The federal system has the authority to hear the following cases: * Cases identified by the U.S. Constitution, Article III Sec. 2 * When the U.S. government or one of its officers are being sued * Disagreements between two states

* When Impartiality might be questioned
* cases involving ambassadors, public ministers and counsels * Laws enacted by Congress
* Treaties
* Laws related to maritime jurisdictions
The federal government operates within a constitutional system known as “checks and balances,” the three branches within this system are the; executive, judicial and legislative branch. The constitution requires the three branches to support the other in a collaborated effort. U.S. Supreme Court

The U.S. Supreme Court is considered the court of last resort. This court system is at the federal level and is the only court system specifically mentioned in Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution. The Constitution states that “the judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme court and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time...

References: Maguire, K.,& Pastore, A.L. (2000) Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics,. Albany,
NY: Hindelang Criminal Justice Research Center
Oregon Blue Book: Justice Courts 
(http://bluebook.state.or.us/state/judicial/judicial38.htm
Rabe, G. A., & Champion, D J., (2002). Criminal Courts Structure, Process, and Issues
Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall Pearson.
Unites States Courts, (2013). retrieved 3/ 30/2013,
http://www.uscourts.gov/FederalCourts.aspx
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