Criminal Acts and Choice Theories

Topics: Criminology, Crime, Economics Pages: 1 (298 words) Published: September 9, 2011
Criminal Acts and Choice Theories

There are different theories as to why criminals commit crime. These theories try to explain how and why criminals act the way they do. Sociological believes that society is to blame for criminal acts today. Psychological believes that an individual’s personality leads them to commit crime. Social-psychological believes that an individual’s way of life and lack of direction leads them to crime. Psychobiological believes that crime is due to a person’s DNA and trauma to the brain, and Biological believes that individuals commit crime due to stages of the evolutionary process.

In criminology, the Rational Choice Theory adopts a Utilitarian belief that man is a reasoning actor who weighs means and ends, and makes a rational choice." This is to say that individuals will consider the crime and consequence and weigh the outcome to either participating in the criminal act or not. Two obvious examples of how committing the crime far outweighs not committing it, A person may decide to steal food rather than go hungry or steal money from their job rather than go without electricity. On a more serious account, consider battered woman syndrome that may drive a wife to kill her husband rather than fear the next moment in life with him. The Choice would quite obviously affect how society would deter criminal acts differently. Under this thought crime deterrent would be a punishment that is less appealing. This would deter the accused criminal from repeating the offense and deter others from attempting criminal activity.

Neither no matter what theory you believe it does not make the crime any better nor an excuse for the criminal. There is always a way to get around any type of hardship. One should not have to commit crime.
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