Choice theories are based on a perspective on crime causation that holds that criminality is the result of conscious choice. Choice theories predict that individuals will choose to commit crime when the benefits of doing so outweigh the costs of disobeying the law.
Lifestyles and motivating factors are involved in the nature of a crime when it comes to choice theories. For example, people that are barely getting by may see someone that is very wealthy that carries a lot of money around, and think what it would hurt if I took some it is not like it would hurt them any. This brings up a potential crime because the less fortunate person is thinking about stealing money from the wealthy person.
Having the conscious decision to commit a crime can affect society in the areas of healthcare, the economy, can cause fear, and spark an increase in other crimes. An example would be identity thieves. When people steal the identity of another person it causes that person to lose a lot of money feel unsafe about using banks or the internet. Not to mention the financial burden it could impact on the victim’s life because most identity thieves whip out their victims bank accounts and put them deep into debt.
Crime Control model and Due Process Model are two models for society which determine which acts are considered criminal. Crime Control model is a model that focuses on the rights of society to be protected from criminal acts and violent offenders. The Due Process Model focuses on the rights of individuals.
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