Crime Rates: Explanation for the Decline

Topics: Crime, Criminology, Three strikes law Pages: 4 (2447 words) Published: October 20, 2014

Cassandra Mata
CRJ 190
Contemporary Issues
Tim E. Croisdale
11th December 2013

Crime Rates: Explanation for the Decline
Introduction
The United States is marked by criminal justice difficulties. In a nation as diverse as this country, it is complex to effectively establish a manner in which to deflect crime. Since the middle of the 20th century the crime rate soared quickly. This held true especially for violent crimes. However, since the 1980’s crime rates in the United States have felt a steep decline. According to the FBI Uniform Crime Report, the 2012 estimated violent crime total was 12.9 percent below the 2008 level and 12.2 below the 2003 level. The UCR is an official report on crime in the United States that is published annually by the FBI. It is important to aid in analyzing and assessing crime control methods. The overall crime level has declined in the United States over the past two decades, but a complete explanation is lacking. Criminologists believe that the decline is a result of varying factors in the criminal justice system. There is a causal link between legalized abortion and the drop in crime during the 1990’s. The implementation of the Three Strikes Law in state governments has also aided in decreasing crime rates. These factors function cohesively to affect crime rates. Conversely, the economy impact has the weakest correlation to be able to account for the reduction. Crime rates in the United States have steadily declined in the past twenty years due to the legalization of abortion as well as the implementation of the three strikes law. Explanation of the Decline

Legalized Abortion
According to Hay, homicide rates are down 40 percent, while violent and property crimes have decreased 30 percent. There is an apparent correlation between the implementation of legalized abortion and crime rate reduction overtime. Crime began to fall roughly eighteen years after Roe v. Wade in 1973. Roe v. Wade was the case that led to...


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