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Crime Prevention In South Carolina

By LEET456 Apr 24, 2014 2438 Words


Crime Rates in South Carolina
Ulysses McCray
CRJ 305 Crime Prevention
Sunshine Richard
April 7, 2014

Crime Rates in South Carolina
There are many things to be learned about the criminal justice system, in this report I will attempt to show some comparison in crimes and murders as it is reported in different states. I will attempt to put together a profile that would show how data is reported and actual reports and charts that shows the crime rate in different cities in the United States. Most of the time the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program is the starting point for most law enforcement executives, student researcher media, and many other seeking information on the crimes of the nation, but there are also other such as the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) and the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) these are all data base that will give you most of the information needed about crimes in your area and others. (Robinson, 2013). As you know the Criminal Justice System is a set of procedures and agencies put in place to control crime and put penalties on those that violate these laws. Even though we have many kinds of Criminal Justice System that is set to work based on the type of an individual crime. There are different agencies that work with crimes though out the states (just to name a few): the state in which they control crime within their boundaries; the federal in which they control crimes on federal property or more than the state, there are more and which they do their part in trying to help control crime as well, like law enforcement, prosecutors, and the courts. They all do their part in trying to prevent crimes from happening or reoccurring. But, over the years, crimes has continue to increase, it seems as if murder would be would be on the up rise. Avery time you listen to the news it telling about someone committing murder, whether it be a single murder or a mass murder, nut according to the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Crime prevention is where the people and the government take action to set up programs to educate people young and old that have not had any involvement in criminal activities in which not come in conflict with law. In most cases crime prevention look at certain places and situation that are not yet affected by crime and criminal activities. When there is such place you want to make sure that this is an area that you can keep sage and crime free. For example if you plan moving to a new town or city and you know that the crime rate is low or hardly exist you may want to find out the if they have some type of crime rate system set up that make the area this way and what type of plan and procedures so that you and your family will have a smooth transition. When you have move to a new place, most of the time it is not always as it seems. So it is always a good idea to see if there are local group and agencies that you can get involved to make sure you do your part to help keep where you live as free from crime as possible. We are not just talking about adult crimes, but also crimes that are committed by our teens. Correction in American is an enormous endeavor. Throughout the history of the United States, we have responded to crime and criminal offenders in varies ways. As of 2011, there were approximately 6.8 million adults under correctional authority (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2011). This includes 1.5 million persons in state and federal prison, 735,000 in jails, 4 million in probation, and 853,000 on parole extended supervision in the community. In a country of over 300 million persons, with an adult population if just over 220 million, approximately one out of 34 adult make in the United States is under correctional authority at any given moment. The United States has 5% of the world’s population, but incarcerates 23% of the world’s prisoners (Walmsley, 2011). These numbers are astounding. Since the early 1980’s the number of adults under correctional authority in the United States has more than triple (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2011b). The chart below shows the number under various forms of correctional authority.

Correction is one of the component of the criminal justice system. It involves the confinement and rehabilitation of those convicted of offenses against the law, including those suspected of a crime and waiting trail. But, in comparison, we use three different cities in South Carolina to compare violent rates: Columbia, SC; Greenville, SC; and Charleston, SC

Columbia crime statistics report an overall upward trend in crime based on data from 12 years with violent crime decreasing and property crime increasing. Based on this trend, the crime rate in Columbia for 2014 is expected to be higher than 2010. The city violent crime rate for Columbia in 210 were higher than the national violent crime rate average by 147.93% and the city property rate in Columbia was higher than the national property crime rate average by 105.17%

2010 Crime (Actual Data)
Incidents
Aggravated Assault
20,920
Arson
N/A
Burglary
46,156
Forcible Rape
1,466
Larceny and Theft
121,054
Motor Vehicle Theft
13,197
Murder and Manslaughter
280
Robbery
4,982
Crime Rate (Total Incidents)
208,055
Property Crime
180,407
Violent Crime
27,648

Crime Rate Chart for Green, SC:
Greenville crime statistics report an overall downward trend in crime based on data from 11 years with violent crime decreasing and property crime decreasing. Based on this trend, the crime rate in Greensville for 2014 is expected to be lower than 2010. The city violent crime rate for Greenville in 2010 was higher than the national violent crime rate average by 85.9% and the city property crime rate in Greenville was higher than the national violent crime rate average by 77.95%. In 2010 the city violent crime rate in Greenville was higher than violent crime rate in South Carolina by 25.54% and the city property crime rate in Greenville was higher than the property crime rate in South Carolina by 34.22%

Arson

Burglary
597
Forcible Rape
20
Larceny and Theft
2,499
Motor Vehicle Theft
169
Murder and Manslaughter
3
Crime Rate (Total Incidents)
4,020
Crime Rate Chart for Charleston, SC:
Charleston crime statistics report an overall downward trend in crime based on data from 10 years with violent crime decreasing and property crime decreasing. Based on this trend, the crime rate in Charleston for 2014 is expected to be lower than in 2010. The city violent rate for Charleston in 2010 was lower than the national violent crime rate average by 9.59% and the city property crime rate in Charleston was higher than the national property crime rate average by 15.09%. In 2010 the city violent crime rate in Charleston was lower than the violent crime rate in South Carolina by 38.95% and the city property crime rate in Charleston was lower than the property crime rate in South Carolina.

Top of Form

Charleston Crime Statistics
Summary Report
Property and Violent Crime Totals

* The source of actual data on this Charleston, South Carolina crime rate When dealing with the correctional aspect of the criminal justice system we are looking at it in aspect of being divided into groups. As shown on the charts inserted in my paper. We deal with the overall aspect of adults committing crimes in different areas of South Carolina. The age and seriousness of the crime is a factor when there is a need it is highly possible that a juvenile can be treated as an adult. We do have correctional officials that are interested in what happens to those that enter the system, and will make suggestions on how to handle situations when they arises. That is why I feel that it is very important to have will trained professionals in the positions. But in comparison with the crime and violent that are committed in South Carolina compared to each other, we can see how they differ in each city and each category. As you can see in comparison to some states based on the National Murder rates, I have compared South Carolina in which I live to several of the surrounding states on both sides; from 1996-2011: South Carolina in 1996 9% in 2011 8.8% Georgia in 1996 9.5% in 2011 5.6% Virginia in 1996 7.5% in 2011 4.3% As you can see even though the size of the state may make a different, in some cases it sometimes doesn’t matter the murder rate in smaller states, it can be higher than in a larger one. South Carolina was higher in murder crimes than Virginia or Georgia. And as a citizen of South Carolina, I propose that South Carolina keep implementing laws that will continue to bring down our crime rate, this is something that we must do as a state and as a people as a whole. “Corrections effort are organized at various level of political autonomy in the United State. In other words, there are correction organization at federal, state, and local government levels. At each level there are organizations that have been established as resultants of the authority and capacities of governing bodies to create, fund, and operate the organization (Stojkovic, & Lovell, 2013).” The primary goal of the correctional system is to punish, protect the population and rehabilitate the offender. However, it is unclear how well the modern U.S. correctional system achieves these goals and whether the money invested in the correctional system might be better spent. Perhaps the most obvious goals of the correctional system is to punish those who are found guilty of crimes. In theory, this is supposed to serve as a deterrent against one repeating criminal activity and as an example to others of why criminal activity should be avoided. Incarceration is the most common example of punishment in the correctional system, but the death penalty and lesser penalties such as probation are also designed to be punitive (RCS). In additional to punishing a criminal, the correctional system is supposed to protect the rest of society from criminals. This includes the policing of streets as well as the imprisonment of criminals in jails. By keeping criminals in prison, they are not among the public and are nit in a position in which they could harm the public at large with additional criminal acts (RCS). The correctional system is also supposed to rehabilitate inmates. Rehabilitation, if done well, will make the criminal functional in normal society after release. This may include vocational training, counseling and drug rehabilitation treatment. Rehabilitation is intended to shift the criminal from being a cost to society to being a contributing member in society (RCS). Incarceration of criminals is expensive. It often costs more than $40 per day to keep a criminal in a prison. Similarly, the criminal prosecution process is expensive. In addition to paying the salaries of judges and district attorneys, the state must pay for criminal defense attorney for criminal that do not have the financial mean to hire an attorney on their own. This can easily cost thousands of dollars for a felony prosecution (RCS). Probation and parole officers must possess important skills similar to those at a prison caseworker, such as good interpersonal communication, decision making and writing skills. They operate very independently, with less supervision than most of the prison staff. These officers are trained in the techniques for supervise inmates at the two ends of the sentencing continuum (incarceration being in the middle). Probation officers supervise offenders with a suspended sentence, monitoring their behavior in the community and their compliance with the conditions of their probation and suspended prison sentence. Parole officers supervise inmates who have been conditionally released from prison and returned to their community. These officers report violations of the conditions of offenders’ released to the body that authorized their community placement and placed conditions on their behavior. (Seither, P.) There are many programs that can be set up to make people aware of their surrounding and the danger that may lark there. As mention before, living in South Carolina in which where I live, and the surrounding areas, to slow down crime we can implement or suggest the following: in our schools we can educate the teachers on certain dangers that might occur with a student that has a conflict with a staff member or others students, by placing security in the school in which this has already took put in some school. What we would expect to come from this is that the students would know that if anything occurred while they are at school there will be consequences to face. There are many crime prevention programs already set up and running good. Contact law enforcement agencies and found out what crime prevention program they have in places and see if all the areas of crimes are covered. Get together with people in your community and keep up with what happening with your area. Based on the crime rate for Cheraw, SC., there was an apparent need for a neighborhood watch program to design to help the people of Cheraw feel safe in the community. Setting up a community watch program for the senior citizens, children, and homeowners in which will make them feel more secure, knowing that not only do they have the protection of the law enforcement but watchful eye of an entire community. It is also important that we find out what are the reason that most crimes are committed, what cause people no matter what the age some of the things that they do do. The age group should are don’t the factor because people of all ages can be assisted by some type of crime prevention program. Yet, there are still good questions to ask. What is the cause of all crimes? What is the age of most people committing these crimes? What is the ethnic back ground? Good questions to ask, but not really not necessary because like I said everyone can benefit from a program set in play to help slow down or eliminate crime in their hometown and surrounding areas. The reason for setting up a crime prevention program in your area is to try and improve the quality of life in your community and or country.

Reference
City Rating, Retrieved from,
http://www.citrating.com/crime-statistics/south-carolina/charleston.html City Rating. Retrieved from,
http://www.cityrating.comcrime-statistics/south-carolina/columbia.html Gordon Hawkins, The Prison (Chicago: university of Chicago Press, 1976). City Rating, Retrieved from,
http:///www.cityrating.com/crime-statistics/south-carolina/greenville.html Hawkins and Alpert, American Prison System, p. 340
Robert D. Morgan, Richard A. Van Haveren, and Christy A. Pearson, “Correctional Officer Burnout: Futher Analysis,” Criminal Justice and Behavior 29(2) (April 2002): 144-160
Robinson, M.B. (2013). Crime Prevention, San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
Stojkovic, & Lovell, (2013). Correction, An Introduction. San Diego, CA: Education, Inc.

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