Crime Prevention 1
CJ212 Crime Prevention
March 9, 2010
Crime Prevention 2
Crime is an ever growing problem in our society. Law enforcement officers put themselves at risk on a daily basis in their quest to apprehend suspects and attempt to deter crime. I will be discussing the components and concepts of crime prevention throughout the course of this essay.
Crime prevention is the attempt to deter crime and reduce the victimization of our community resulting in a sense of safety in today’s society. According to the Crime Prevention Coalition the formal definition of crime prevention is “a pattern of attitudes and behaviors directed both at reducing the threat of crime and enhancing the sense of safety and security to positively influence the quality of life in our society and to help develop environments where crime cannot flourish” (NCJRS.GOV). According to Worrall crime prevention suggests using a proactive approach. In a perfect world there would be no need for crime prevention, unfortunately there is no perfect world therefore the need for prevention is great. According to Lawrence W. Sherman (n.d.), some of the key concepts to crime prevention are criminal events, criminal offenders, amount of harm, reduction of risk factors, and the increase of protective factors. The goal of the Criminal Justice System is to deter crime by the apprehension and incarceration of those who commit crimes and imposing the threat of serious sanctions.
Crime prevention is the focus of the Criminal Justice System. Steven P. Lab of the Justice Quarterly (2004) states that some of the components of crime prevention include the police, court system, corrections (which are the three key components of crime prevention), the community, schools and other organizations. According to the National Crime Prevention
Crime Prevention 3
Council, it is the job of the law enforcement to...
References: Center for Crime Prevention and Control; John Jay College of Criminal Justice, n.d.,
retrieved on 3/9/12 from the internet at www.jjay.cuny.edu/centers/crime_prevention_and_control/2613.html
Kifer, Misty; Hemmens, Craig; Stohr, Mary K, Sage Journals, Criminal Justice Review; The Goals of the Corrections: Perspectives from the Line, 2003, retrieved from the internet at 3/15/12 from http://cjr.sagepub.com/content/28/1/47.short
Lab, Steven P, Justice Quarterly, Vol. 21, No. 4: Crime Prevention, Politics, and the Art of Going Nowhere Fast, 2004 retrieved 3/9/12
National Crime Prevention Council, 2012, retrieved on 3/10/12 from the internet at
www.ncpc.org/programs and www.ncpc.org/topics/by-audience/law-enforcement
National Criminal Justice Reference Service, Crime Prevention and Community Policing:
A Vital Partnership, 1997, NJC 166819, retrieved 3/12/12 from the internet at
Worrall, J L, Crime Control in America: What Works? 2nd ed., Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, 2008, ISBN: 0-205-59339-9, retrieved 3/15/12
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