1.1 Research Background
General Overview of Crime in the world
Crime is bound to happen anywhere and it happens all around the globe. Crime is the intentional commission of an act usually deemed socially harmful or dangerous and specifically defined, prohibited, and punishable under criminal law (Merriam Webster, 2013). Crimes run from trespassing up to committing murder. Young or old, anyone can commit a crime and crime will never end but it can be prevented. Crimes cannot easily be stopped, but there are things that each of us can do to help stop it. United States of America is at the top of the crime statistics list when it comes to total crimes. Based on the 2012 Preliminary Crime Statistics of 2012, from January to February, the new preliminary Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) statistics for 2012 indicate that when compared to data for 2011, the number of violent crimes reported by law enforcement agencies around United States increased 1.2 percent during 2012, while the number of property crimes decreased 0.8 percent. (FBI, 2013)
1.1.2 Crime in Local Setting
Crime is a significant concern in any area of the Philippines. Typical criminal acts include pick-pocketing, confidence schemes, acquaintance scams, and, in some cases, credit card fraud. Carjacking, kidnappings, robberies, and violent assaults sporadically occur. According to the Philippine National Police Directorate for Investigation and Detective Management, the Total Crime Volume (TCV) in 2012 was 217,812 as compared to 2011 with 241,988 – a decrease of 24,176. Of the total 217,812 crime incidents, the National Capital Regional Police Office (NCRPO) registered the highest with 56,978 followed by Regions 3 (Bulacan, Bataan, Pampanga, Nueva Ecija, Zambales, Tarlac, Aurora) and 7 (Cebu, Bohol, Negros Oriental, Siquijor) with 22,498 and 20,466 reported incidents respectively. Theft (43,606 incidents), physical assault (34,825 incidents), and robbery (26,988 incidents) are the top three commonly committed crimes according to the TCV. (Bureau of Diplomatic Security, 2012)
1.1.3 Local Situation of Crime and Performance Management System The process of the Crime Management System in the Philippines is unorganized that it can still be improved. Crime Management is one of the main function of law enforcement personnel. Crime Management initially consists of the response of police officers to crime incidents such as the detection of offenders, preliminary investigations, responding to requests for assistance, the commencement of prosecutions and the investigation of crimes. Crime management aims to promote public safety and property security.
The current Performance Management that PNP Crame have is called Performance Governance System. It consists of modules like balanced scorecards, strategy maps, and dashboard that is used for evaluation of the whole PNP and its officers. A balanced scorecard is a management system that enables any organization, such as the PNP, to set, track, and achieve its key strategies and objectives. The dashboard is meant to ensure the balance scorecard is on track, it provides the user with critical, current information about the operation of their office or unit.
Developing the Crime and Performance Management System for the Philippine National Police would offer a great number of opportunities. Included is the opportunity to showcase the abilities in improving, managing and providing necessary information. Another is the opportunity to gather data and observe the effects and benefits of it to our country and the IT field.
One opportunity the group has been able to identify is the opportunity cost efficiency because based on our study; the system can maximize the ability of one person in handling the reports. The system will make workload easier, if in current existing system they are allocating 3 person for paperwork, with the proposed system it can make their job easier in proposed...
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