CRIME AND SOCIETY MODULE ASSIGNMENT
ASSIGNMENT: CRITICALLY EXPLORE THE ISSUES IN REGARD TO SERVICE USERS WHO OFFEND WHILE EXPERIENCING DRUG AND/OR ALCOHOL PROBLEMS. ANALYSE AND DISCUSS THE KEY CONCERNS FOR SOCIAL WORKERS ‘FOLLOWING FACULTY CONFIDENTIALITY POLICY, I CONFIRM THAT I HAVE ANONYMIZED MY WORK SO THAT THE IDENTITY OF ANY AGENCY OR ORGANISATION AND THE IDENTITY OF ANY PEOPLE SUCH AS SERVICE USERS AND CARERS, COLLEAGUES AND MANAGERS ARE CLEARLY ANONYMOUS. I UNDERSTAND THAT FAILURE TO ADHERE TO THIS POLICY WILL RESULT IN SEVERE PENALTIES.’
This assignment will focus on the issues encountered in the society by service users with drug misuse problems who offend. It will look at the consequences and impact of crime on society, analysing the relationship between drug misuse and crime taking into account some of the sociological perspectives of crime. It will then go on to analyse and discuss the key concerns for social workers who deal with these particular group of service users. It will finally conclude by There are a number of diverse factors that lead people to misuse drugs. These are a mixture of social, psychological and economic factors with age and gender also being statistically significant. People have been using drugs for a great deal longer than it has been considered a problem. Tammy Salah (2005) suggests that drug use has been prevalent since ancient times . However significant major changes have occured in the pattern of drug taking in the last four decades. A number of reasons have been suggested for this change. Some have suggested that the increase in taking drugs for medicinal purposes altered people’s general attitude towards taking drugs. As they acquired the perception that a pill could cure physical problems and mental illness, they accepted the possibility that a pill could be used to counter other problems. Others advocated the idea that people in the 1960s and 1970s, particularly Americans, who were exploring new life-styles had increased amount of leisure time on hand and looked for new activities to fill them one of which was the recreational use of drugs. This increase in drug misuse led to problems with addiction as people acquired a physical dependence on these substances. Gradually after taking the drug for sometime the person acquired a tolerance so needed more and more of it to achieve the same effect. They also reached a stage where cessation of the drug in their system led to unpleasant withdrawal symptons. At this stage they are said to have acquired physical dependency on the drug. However, this is not the only form of dependence that can arise. It is also possible to acquire a psychological dependence. This can occur particularly if a drug is used to reduce anxiety and even though no physical dependence occurs, the feeling of being without anxiety is addictive which makes the drug addictive for psychological reasons. A lot of interest has been shown by researchers concerning what, if any, personality characteristics make an individual more susceptible to become addicted to drugs. No individual personality type has been shown to predispose a person to drug misuse; however, people who score highly in tests for social conformity are less apt to misuse drugs. On the other hand, those who as children were rated by their classmates as being impulsive, inconsiderate, lacking in ambition and with poor work habits as adults were more likely to smoke, drink alcohol or take drugs than children not described as having those characteristics. Glen Walters (1998) concurs with this conclusion. He suggests the only positive evidence he has seen relates to some forms of early anti-social behaviour that affect a person’s future chance of abusing drugs and that this is not enough to provide a conclusive link. One must however exercise caution concerning the conclusions reached from these studies as most of this research has been conducted on people with pre-existing problems. One cannot...
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