crime and its effects on society

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Crime and its effects on society (P3 P4 M1)

Theory 1

Bandura the Social Learning Theory

The Social Learning Theory says that people can learn by watching other people perform the behaviour. Observational learning explains the nature of children to learn behaviours by watching the behaviour of the people around them, and eventually, imitating them. With the "Bobo Doll" experiment, Bandura included an adult who is tasked to act aggressively toward a Bobo Doll while the children observe him. Later, Bandura let the children play inside a room with the Bobo Doll. He affirmed that these children imitated the aggressive behaviour toward the doll, which they had observed earlier.

After his studies, Bandura was able to determine 3 basic models of observational learning, which include: A Live Model, which includes an actual person performing a behaviour, A Verbal Instruction Model, which involves telling of details and descriptions of a behaviour, A Symbolic Model, which includes either a real or fictional character demonstrating the behaviour via movies, books, television, radio, online media and other media sources.
Ronald Aker also suggested mechanisms were shown in social learning theory, the first being differential reinforcement, this means that crime will be more likely to occur when it is frequently in forced and infrequently punished. This shows the subject the committing crime it okay which therefore confuses the person of what right and wrong is.
Theory 2
Lombroso Biological theory
In 1876 Cesare Lombroso argued that the criminal is a separate species, a species that is between modern and primitive humans. Lombroso argued that the physical shape of the head and face determined the "born criminal". Lombroso went further and suggested that from the surveys he had carried out in prison, he could detect physiological differences between different types of criminal. Murderers were said to have: Cold, glassy, blood-shot eyes, curly, abundant hair, strong jaws,

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