Cricket Match

Topics: Cricket, Cricket terminology, Test cricket Pages: 33 (12480 words) Published: August 1, 2013
This article is about the sport. For the insect, see Cricket (insect). For other uses, see Cricket (disambiguation). "Cricketer" redirects here. For other uses, see Cricketer (disambiguation).

Cricket

A bowler bowling to a batsman. The paler strip is the cricket pitch. The two sets of three wooden stumps on the pitch are the wickets. The two white lines are the creases. Highest governing bodyInternational Cricket Council

First played18th century (modern)
Characteristics
Team members11 players per side
substitute fielders (only) are permitted in cases of injury or illness Mixed genderSingle
CategorizationTeam, Bat-and-ball
EquipmentCricket ball, cricket bat,
wicket: stumps, bails
VenueCricket field
Olympic1900 Summer Olympics only
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of 11 players on a field at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard long pitch. Each team takes it in turn to bat, attempting to score runs, while the other team fields. Each turn is known as an innings. The bowler delivers the ball to the batsman who attempts to hit the ball with his bat far enough for him to run to the other end of the pitch and score a run. Each batsman continues batting until he is out. The batting team continues batting until ten batsmen are out, at which point the teams switch roles and the fielding team comes in to bat. In professional cricket the length of a game ranges from 20 overs of six bowling deliveries per side to Test cricket played over five days. The Laws of Cricket are maintained by the International Cricket Council (ICC) and the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) with additional Standard Playing Conditions for Test matches and One Day Internationals.[1] Cricket was first played in southern England in the 16th century. By the end of the 18th century, it had developed into the national sport of England. The expansion of the British Empire led to cricket being played overseas and by the mid-19th century the first international matches were being held. The ICC, the game's governing body, has 10 full members.[2] The game is most popular in Australasia, England, the Indian subcontinent, the West Indies and Southern Africa. Contents  [hide] 

1 History
2 Rules and game-play
2.1 Summary
2.2 Format of the game
2.3 Pitch, wickets and creases
2.3.1 Playing surface
2.3.2 Stumps, bails and creases
2.4 Bat and ball
2.5 Umpires and scorers
2.6 Innings
2.7 Overs
2.8 Team structure
2.9 Bowling
2.10 Fielding
2.11 Batting
2.12 Runs
2.13 Extras
2.14 Dismissals
2.15 Innings closed
2.16 Results
3 Distinctive elements
3.1 Individual focus
3.2 Spirit of the Game
3.3 Influence of weather
3.4 Uniqueness of each field
4 Types of matches
4.1 Test cricket
4.2 Limited overs
4.3 National championships
4.4 Club Cricket
4.5 Other types of matches
5 International structure
5.1 Members
5.1.1 Full Members
5.1.2 Top Associate and Affiliate Members
6 Statistics
7 In popular culture
7.1 Influence on everyday life
7.2 Books and games
7.3 Influence on other sports
8 See also
9 References
10 External links
History

Main article: History of cricket
Early cricket was at some time or another described as "a club striking a ball (like) the ancient games of club-ball, stool-ball, trap-ball, stob-ball".[3] Cricket can definitely be traced back to Tudor times in early 16th-century England. Written evidence exists of a game known as creag being played by Prince Edward, the son of Edward I (Longshanks), at Newenden, Kent in 1301[4] and there has been speculation, but no evidence, that this was a form of cricket. A number of other words have been suggested as sources for the term "cricket". In the earliest definite reference to the sport in 1598,[5] it is called creckett. Given the strong medieval trade connections between south-east England and the County of Flanders when the latter belonged to the Duchy of Burgundy, the name may have been derived from the Middle Dutch[6] krick(-e),...

References: ^ John Major,More Than A Game, HarperCollins, 2007
^ John Leach, From Lads to Lord 's quotes the precise date of the accounting entry as Thursday 10 March 1300 (Julian date), which is in the Gregorian year of 1301
^ David Underdown, Start of Play, Allen Lane, 2000, p.3
^ a b H S Altham, A History of Cricket, Volume 1 (to 1914), George Allen & Unwin, 1962, p.21
^ Timothy J McCann,Sussex Cricket in the Eighteenth Century, Sussex Record Society, 2004
^ CricketArchive profile
^ Eastaway, Rob (2004). What Is a Googly?: The Mysteries of Cricket Explained. Great Britain: Robson Works. p. 24. ISBN 1-86105-629-X.
^ Eastaway, Rob, What Is a Googly?: The Mysteries of Cricket Explained (Anova, 2005), p. 134.
^ Singh, Vikas (30 December 2003). "Ponting in Bradmanesque avatar". The Times of India. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
^ a b Tygiel (2000), p. 16.
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