Credit Rating

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CREDIT RATING * A credit rating evaluates the credit worthiness of a debtor, especially a business (company) or a government. It is an evaluation made by a credit rating agency of the debtor's ability to pay back the debt and the likelihood of default.[3] * Credit ratings are determined by credit ratings agencies. The credit rating represents the credit rating agency's evaluation of qualitative and quantitative information for a company or government; including non-public information obtained by the credit rating agencies analysts. * Credit ratings are not based on mathematical formulas. Instead, credit rating agencies use their judgment and experience in determining what public and private information should be considered in giving a rating to a particular company or government. The credit rating is used by individuals and entities that purchase the bonds issued by companies and governments to determine the likelihood that the government will pay its bond obligations. * A poor credit rating indicates a credit rating agency's opinion that the company or government has a high risk of defaulting, based on the agency's analysis of the entity's history and analysis of long term economic prospects.

In India there are 5 credit rating agencies. First, Credit Rating InformationServices Of India Limited (CRISIL) set up by ICICI AND UTI in 1988. Secondly InvestmentInformation and Credit Rating Agency of India limited (ICRA) set up by IFCI in 1991. Thirdly,Credit Analysis and Research Limited (CARE) promoted by IDBI in 1993 in association withfinancial institutions. Fourthly, Duff and Phelps Credit Rating India Private Limited (DCR India) for rating non-banking financial companies for fixed deposits

TYPES OF CREDIT RATINGS
Two type of credit rating has been noticed :
1) Traditional debt rating (TDR)
2) Private placement rating (PPR)

Traditional debt ratings (TDR):
Traditional debt ratings are a symbolic prediction about the debtsecurity

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