In Martin Luther King Junior’s essay “Letter from Birmingham Jail” and Aung San Suu Kyi’s essay “Freedom from Fear”, they discuss the importance of non-violent action in order to end political conflicts. In the speech “A Just and Lasting Peace” Barack Obama explains the effects of war and the ways in which non-violence can create a just and lasting peace. According to King, in order to create opportunities for negotiating about unjust laws, non-violent action may be necessary. Violence is never the long term solution to any problem. This is why non-violent action is so powerful. Suu Kyi discusses why society must be able to liberate their minds from apathy and fear in order to overcome a corrupt government. Fear causes corruption in government and corruption in society. In order to restore a corrupt government and society, the citizens must find courage, because courage is the only way to overcome corruption. According to Barack Obama, in order to create a just and lasting peace we must find alternatives to violence. War promises human tragedy. In most cases the cost of war outweighs the benefits. Non-violent direct action, freedom from fear, and alternatives to violence will fix corrupt governments and will create lasting peace by forcing a national awareness of injustices; without political pressure there cannot be a lasting peace.
Non-violent direct action will create opportunities for negotiating unjust laws. During the civil rights movement, racial discrimination impacted the lives of many African Americans. Racial segregation laws became the main target for civil rights activists like Martin Luther King, Jr. According to King, “in any nonviolent campaign there are four basic steps: (1) collection of the facts to determine whether injustices are alive; (2) negotiation; (3) self-purification; and (4) direct action” (King 576). In the first step you must be able to identify an issue which requires non-violent action. After you identify an issue you must...
Cited: King, Martin Luther, Jr. "Letter from Birmingham Jail." Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., 12 Apr. 1963. Print.
Obama, Barack. "A Just and Lasting Peace." The Nobel Foundation, n.d. Print. 2009.
Suu Kyi, Aung San. "Freedom from Fear." Micheal Aris, 1995. Print.
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