A strip of material such as gauze used to protect, immobilize, compress, or support a wound or injured body part.
USES OF BANDAGE
1. Hold a dressing in place over a wound
2. create a pressure over a bleeding wound
3. control of hemorrhage
4. secure a splint to an injured part
GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF BANDAGING
1. A bandage should never be applied directly over a wound.
2. A bandage should be applied firmly and fastened firmly.
3. If bandages work themselves loose or unfastened, wounds may bleed, becomes infected and broken bone may be displaced.
4. Bandages must be properly applied and well secured.
Bandages are made up from different types of materials: muslin, gauze, flannel, elastic webbing
1. GAUZE BANDAGE- widely used because they are light, soft, thin and porous and easily adjusted and applied.
2. MUSLIN BANDAGE- strong, inexpensive and readily obtainable.
3. FLANNEL-soft and elastic, maybe applied smoothly and evenly; absorbed moisture and maintain body heat.
4. CRINOLINE-used in making plaster of Paris bandage
5. RUBBER OR ELASTIC WEBBING-used to afford firm support to a part. Webbing permits the evaporation of moisture.
TYPES OF BANDAGES
TRIANGULAR BANDAGES- Also known as a cravat bandage,
A triangular bandage is a piece of cloth cut into a right-angled triangle, and often provided with safety pins to secure it in place. It can be used fully unrolled as a sling, folded as a normal bandage, or for specialized applications
1. For temporary or permanent bandaging of the wound
2. Immobilization of fractures and dislocations
3. As sling for the support of injured part of the body
TRIANGLE OF FOREHEAD OR SCALP
Hold dressing of the scalp or forehead.
1. Place middle of base of triangle so that edge is just above the eyebrow and bring apex backward, allowing it to drop over back of the head. Bring ends of triangle backwards above ears.
2. Cross ends over apex at occiput, carry ends around forehead and tie them on square nuts.
3. Turn up apex of bandage toward top of head. Pin with safety pin or tuck in behind cross part of the bandage.
TRIANGULAR ARM SLING Support of fractures or injuries of hand, wrist and forearm
1. The forearm is supported from both shoulders by the sling. a. Bend arm at elbow so that little finger is about hand breath above level of elbow. b. Place one hand of triangle over shoulder on injured side and let bandage hang down over the chest with base toward the hand and apex toward elbow. c. Slip bandage between body and arm.
d. Carry lower end up over flexed forearm. (End of finger should extend slightly beyond base of triangle. e. Slide lower end of bandage under injured shoulder between arm and body and secure the two ends with a square knot. f. Draw apex toward elbow until snug and secure with safety pinor adhesive tape.
TRIANGLE OF CHEST OR BACK
Use to hold dressings on burn or wounds of chest or back
a. Drop apex of triangle over shoulder of injured side. Bring bandage down over chest or back to cover dressing, so that middle of the base of bandage is directly below the injury. Turn up a cuff at base. b. Carry ends around and tie in square knot, leaving one end longer than the other. c. Bring apex down and tie to long end of first knot.
TRIANGLE OF THE SHOULDER
Used to hold dressing on wounds of the shoulder.Two bandages are required .one a triangle and the other a cravat ,roller bandage or belt.
a. Place center of cravat ,roller bandage or belt at based of neck on injured side and fasten just forward of opposite armpit. b. Slide apex of triangle under cravat at base of neck and place over dressing on injured shoulder and upper arm.Turn...
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