CPOE and EMR Systems
CPOE and EMR Systems
Computerized physician order entry (CPOE) is system which allows physicians to enter medical practitioner instructions for the treatment of the patients under him or her (Smith, 2013). In other parts of the world, CPOE is known as Computerized Provider Order Management or Computerized Order Entry. The orders entered by the physician are transmitted via computer network to the staff in specific departments such as laboratory and pharmacy. CPOE has proved useful in reducing incorrect doses, delay of order prescription and errors as a result of handwriting. In addition, the system allows error-checking for duplicate and entry of orders at any point within and outside the site of care (Smith, 2013).
On the other hand, electronic medical record (EMR) is a technology which is being currently adopted in different parts of the country as way of improving the quality of care. EMR system is quite different from electronic health record (EHR). Whereas EMR is concerned with standard medical and clinical data, electronic health technology tends to include more comprehensive patient history (Davis & LaCour, 2010). EHR technology allows sharing of data with all the providers involved in the patient’s care, even those from other healthcare organizations.. However, the case is different for EMR. EMR does not allow sharing of patient information with health care providers beyond the organization. Therefore, an electronic medical record is defined as a digital version of a paper chart that contains all of the patient’s medical history from one practice (Scott, 2007). Health care providers use EMR widely for diagnosis and treatment of patients.
Although the implementation of this technology is a long and costly process, the benefits that come along with their implementation are worth the wait. These two health information technologies have the potential to improve the safety of the patients, improve patient satisfaction, reduce the risk of errors and also improve the general quality of care (Davis & LaCour, 2010). It is also worth to mention that the implementation process may be faced with a number of challenges such as resistance from parts of the staff. Hence, this essay focuses on how the implementation of CPOE and EMR technologies will help in achieving certain goals and the challenges expected during the implementation process. Patient Safety
Computerized physician order entry and electronic medical record systems are fruits of the wide range of efforts in improving the quality of care. It is worthwhile mentioning that, an improvement in the quality of care results in improved patient outcomes. The main goal of every provider is to save lives of his or her patients. Hence, these IT technologies provide the opportunity to save the lives by removing the risk factors that compromise the quality of care.
Implementation of CPOE and EMR will significantly improve patient safety. The CPOE technology allows the physician to enter orders electronically and send them to different departments in the hospital. For instance, the physician may order certain tests for the patient and transmit them digitally via a computerized network to the pharmacy. Through the use of technology, the risks of errors of transcription especially in the pharmacy will be greatly reduced. Eventually this will improve the safety of the patients (Scott, 2007).
The EMR system shows the medical history of the patient in that health particular health facility. The information is vital is diagnosis and treatment of the patient. Hence, we can say that EMR provides information that facilitates nurses and physicians in establishing correct diagnosis and treatment guidelines for the patient. Therefore, the patient safety issues that come as a result of misdiagnosis and wrong treatment is reduced (Scott, 2007). Improve Quality Outcomes and Reduce Variation in Practice...
References: Davis, N., & LaCour, M. (2010). Health information technology (Third ed.). Oxford: London
Scott, T. (2007). Implementing an electronic medical record system: Successes, failures, lessons. Oxford: Radcliffe.
Smith, P. (2013). Making computerized provider order entry work. London: Springer.
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