The CPI(M) was formed at the Seventh Congress of the Communist Party of India held in Calcutta from October 31 to November 7, 1964. The CPI(M) was born in the struggle against revisionism and sectarianism in the communist movement at the international and national level, in order to defend the scientific and revolutionary tenets of Marxism-Leninism and its appropriate application in the concrete Indian conditions. The CPI(M) combines the fine heritage of the anti-imperialist struggle and the revolutionary legacy of the undivided Communist Party which was founded in 1920. Over the years, the Party has emerged as the foremost Left force in the country.
The CPI(M) has grown steadily since its formation in 1964. The membership of the Party, which was 118,683 at the time of its formation, has grown to 10,44,833 in 2011. The Party has sought to independently apply Marxism-Leninism to Indian conditions and to work out the strategy and tactics for a people's democratic revolution, which can transform the lives of the Indian people. The CPI(M) is engaged in bringing about this basic transformation by carrying out a programme to end imperialist, big bourgeois and landlord exploitation. The CPI(M) as the leading Left party is committed to build a Left and democratic front which can present a real alternative to the existing bourgeois-landlord policies.
In the last few elections, contesting on an average 15 percent of the total seats, the CPI(M) has been getting around 5-6 percent of the votes. (India follows the “first past the post” system and not proportional representation) In the 2009 elections to the Lok Sabha (lower house of the Indian Parliament) the CPI(M) won 16 seats. The Lower House of Parliament has a strength of 543. In the Rajya Sabha (Upper House) the CPI(M) has 11 members. The CPI(M) is heading one state government. The Left Front government headed by the CPI(M) was uninterruptedly in power in West Bengal since 1977 upto May 2011. In Kerala, it has been in and out of office. Currently, the Left Democratic Front headed by the CPI(M) is in oppositon. In Tripura, the CPI(M) was first elected to office in 1977. Though it lost the subsequent election due to largescale rigging, in all elections since 1988 it has been voted to office. Though uneven, the CPI(M) has representation in eight state legislative assemblies.
Political ideology and stances
|[pic] |This section requires expansion.(December |
| |2011) |
Article VI, Section 3 of the 2001 Constitution lays out certain positions as non-negotiable:
"revolutionary vanguard of the working class of India. Its aim is socialism and communism through the establishment of the state of dictatorship of the proletariat. In all its activities the Party is guided by the philosophy and principles of Marxism-Leninism which shows to the toiling masses the correct way to the ending of exploitation of man by man, their complete emancipation. The Party keeps high the banner of proletarian internationalism".
The party is well known for its Anti-globalization and Anti-capitalism stance.
CPI-M was formed at the Seventh Congress of the Communist Party of India held in Calcutta from October 31 to November 7, 1964. CPI-M leaders claim that their party was born in the struggle against revisionism and sectarianism in the communist movement at the international and national level. They also say that CPI-M today combines the revolutionary tenets of Marxism-Leninism in the concrete Indian conditions. Whatever be their claim, over the years, CPI-M has emerged as the foremost Left force in the country. How many members are there in the party?
When the party was born, it had 1,18,683 members. But it has now grown to become to 8,14,408 members, according to the official CPI-M figures. What is the CPI-M presence across India?
The CPI-M has its organisation in most of the states. It has 19 state committees and 7...
|5 External links |
The UKD was established on 26 July 1979 to fight for a separate state composed of the hill districts of Uttar Pradesh. The founding convention was chaired by Dr. D.D. Pant, former vice-chancellor of Kumaun University.Under the young leadership of Mr. Kashi Singh Airy who took the charge of struggle and public agitation and the aim was finally achieved, when the separate Uttaranchal state was formed on November 9, 2000, later renamed Uttarakhand. However, in the first ever state assembly elections in 2002, the party won only four out of 70 seats, and was outmaneuvered by the Indian National Congress and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), both despite being late comers to the separate state movement, succeeded in capturing its momentum for electoral gain and formed governments in the state
As of yet, the UKD has not been able to achieve its ostensible goal in establishing a viable "third force" in Uttarakhand politics due to splits and divisions within its ranks. However, it maintains friendly relations with left parties in the state such as the Communist Party of India, Communist Party of India (Marxist), and other minor Uttarakhand parties and social movements.
The party has taken on various campaigns in the past geared towards the social and economic uplift of highlanders. The party has however embraced a number of causes of concern to the diversity of peoples living in Uttarakhand, defining the Uttarakhandi identity in broad and inclusive terms. As such, its ideology of civic as opposed to ethnic regionalism can be compared to othercentre-left nationalist parties like the Scottish National Party or Plaid Cymru, although its orientation and goals are emphatically non-secessionist.
The party’s face is Mr Kashi Singh Airy, a prominent leader of uttarakhand movement and the senior most leader of uttarakhand kranti dal, who was elected for Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha three times (1985–1989, 1989–1991, 1993–1996) and was elected for first Uttarakhand Vidhan Sabha and had remained president of UKD, late Sri Jaswant singh Bisht was the first elected MLA from Ranikhet constituency. Other personalities include the late Indramani Badoni, late Bipin Chandra Tripathi founder members and long time agitators for the separate state movement. The new formation and adding new forces with many new leaders are coming Like Mujib Naithani, the young dynamic, cooperative, optimistic and yet having good relations with all party leaders, because he says we are here for the development of people of Uttarakhand and the leaders of other parties are first Uttarakhandi. Vijay Panwar urf Kaku Bhai in Tehri, Sudharshan Negi from Pauri, Piyush Pokhriyal From Kirti Nagar, Satish Semwal from Gopeshwar. Technically now leadership change will have to work hard with hardworking youth politicians.
At the january 2012 state elections, the party won only 1 of the 70 seats, but because neither the Congress nor the BJP received a majority, the UKD took an important role in forming the next government as it chose to support the congress, which was much closer to having a majority compared to the BJP, and the congress formed the government in March 2012
Please join StudyMode to read the full document