Court System Visuals

Topics: Law, United States, Appeal Pages: 8 (203 words) Published: December 22, 2014
Court System Visuals

Team B- David Bruner, Kadeesha Dixon, Robert Holben, and
Tyleshia Gilbert
June 16, 2014
CJA/204, Introduction to Criminal Justice
Linda Fisher-Lewis 

Major historical developments
of the U.S. courts
• Probation Act of 1925
• Pretrial Service as an experiment in 1974
• Pretrial Services Act of 1982

Dual Court System

• Federal versus State Court Systems
• Federal based on United Sates Constitution
• State based on State legislature

Steps of the Pretrial Process











Arrest and Charge
Bail Hearing
First Appearance/Obtaining Disclosure
Crown Resolution Meeting
Judicial Pre-trial
Preliminary Inquiry
Trial
Verdict
Sentence
Appeal

Six Steps Necessary For Appeal






File a notice of appeals.
Court records will be transferred to Appellate court.
Filing of briefing.
Make a decision.
Hearing will be set and attorney’s will present their cases.

• Judges will review new evidence in the case and make a
decisions.

Five Philosophical reason for Sentencing
Criminals






Retribution
Incapacitation
Deterrence
Rehabilitation
Restoration

Six Forms of Punishment







Capital Punishment
Imprisonment
Probation
Fines
Restitution and Community Service
Restorative Justice

References
• www.canlaw.com/criminal/pretrial-htm
• http://voices.yahoo.com/different-forms-punishment-judge-h and-out-2768633.html
• Ezinartices.com/?steps-of –the-appeals-process
• Schmallegar, Frank; Criminal Justice Today. An Introductory Text for the 21st Century, Eleventh Edition; Copyright @
Pearson Education (2011)
• http://www.uscourts.gov/FederalCourts/ProbationPretrialServ ices/History.aspx



References: • www.canlaw.com/criminal/pretrial-htm
• http://voices.yahoo.com/different-forms-punishment-judge-h
and-out-2768633.html
• Ezinartices.com/?steps-of –the-appeals-process
• Schmallegar, Frank; Criminal Justice Today. An Introductory
Text for the 21st Century, Eleventh Edition; Copyright @
Pearson Education (2011)
• http://www.uscourts.gov/FederalCourts/ProbationPretrialServ
ices/History.aspx
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