Court History and Purpose
Within the United States, the court system is the last stop in our judiciary system because it renders decision that can and will affect the lives of the citizens. This article will explain the role of the court and its purpose, identify the dual court system, illustrate the role that early legal codes, the common law, and precedent played in the development of courts, and also recognize the role of courts in criminal justice today.
What is a Court?
A court has been defined as a form of tribunal, with the power to arbitrate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative matters in accordance with the rule of law (Walker, 1980); courts are the vital means for dispute resolution since they uphold the law, while also protecting individuals, resolving disputes, and reinforcing social norms (Siegel, Schmalleger, & Worrall, 2011).
Something that you as the reader may find interesting is that the United States court system is a dual court system. This means that there are separates federal and state courts. The federal courts of the United States, are those courts that make up the judicial branch of the federal government of the United States and as such they operating under the authority of the United States Constitution and federal law (Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts, 2012), while the state courts are the judiciary courts of the state and territorial courts and operating under the authority of the state and state laws. They type of system in the United States is also known as a dual system since there is the federal court system and more than forty various state court system (Siegel, Schmalleger, & Worrall, 2011).
Early Legal Code, Common Law and Precedent
Early Legal Codes
There are several reasons on how the modern American criminal justice came into conception. One was religious. Judeo-Christian values had a key role in the
Cited: Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts. (2012). Federal Courts. Retrieved July 23, 2012, from US Courts: http://www.uscourts.gov/FederalCourts.aspx Schmalleger, F. (2011). Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st Century. Person Education. Siegel, L., Schmalleger, F., & Worrall, J. (2011). Courts and Criminal Justice in America (1st ed.). (V. R. Anthony, Ed.) Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, United States of America: Prentice Hall. Retrieved July 23, 2012 Walker, D. (1980). The Oxford companion to law. Oxford, England, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. Retrieved July 2012