Table of Contents
Japan gained independence in 660 BC. The national holiday is December 23 (1933), which is the birthday of Emperor Akihito.
The most recent event that changed Japan’s political, legal, and lifestyle trends, was World War II. After WWII U.S. occupation forces helped shape a new legal system in Japan. Allied powers occupied Japan from the end of WWII to April 1952.
The largest contribution of U.S. was to help develop the Peace Constitution. Japan’s Constitution went into affect on May 3, 1947. The constitution resulted in the emperor losing all political and military power. The emperor to this day is simply a symbol of the state with no forcing power. The constitution also introduced universal suffrage and human rights were assured.
After the occupation ended in 1952 Japan established a self defense force. The US-Japan Security Treaty was renewed in 1960 and caused some uneasiness in Japan.
The end of the Korean War fueled Japan’s economic recovery. A rise in living standards and stabilization resulted from the economic growth. Japan’s high technology industries were the result of the 1973 oil crisis. The oil crisis shocked the Japanese economy because of Japan’s dependency of oil.
Japan is located off the shore of Eastern Asia between the Sea of Japan and the North Pacific Ocean. Japan’s size is slightly smaller than California. The four main islands of Japan are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikok, and Kyushu. Climate and Topography
Japan is a collection of mountainous islands. The climate is very tropical in the south and cooler in the north. The island of Japan is 75% mountains and plains. The Japanese people have used techniques of building dikes, drainages and rice patties along mountainsides to try and regain land back from the sea and rivers. Transportation
Railways, highways, airplanes and waterways are all means of Japan’s transportation. Japan has 172 airports, 141 have paved runways while the other 31 are using unpaved runways. Japan has developed and built artificial ports on their islands, which are used as Japan’s main channel of distribution between their neighboring countries. Over 594 ships use the ports and harbors that have been developed for distribution. Communication
Japan’s different levels of communications include telephone, radio and the Internet. The telephone system has been recognized as being excellent for both domestic and international use. Japan has established themselves as one the most advance, and most competitive, telecommunications globally. Their mobile communication industry has been driving the development of the global communication industry for years now. Japans communication couldn’t be complete without the use of radio and television; over 200 million people enjoy the use of either of the two. Internet users are shown as over 56 million subscribers to one of the 73 Internet service providers.
Japan’s free market economy is the second largest in the world only behind the United States. Japan has been very successful due to their strong work ethic. Japan has gone through three different eras in their economy; High Growth era, The Mature Economy, and the Bubble Economy. [pic]
High Growth Era
The High Growth era occurred at the end of WWII. Between 1950 and 1970, cities in Japan doubled with an increase demand for services. Economic growth was a result of Japan’s industrial sector dominating their economy by shifting away from agriculture and light...
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